Public administration is a vital component in any economy where the government has to allocate resources to enhance the development of its citizens.
Technology forms a vital component of public administration. With technology, the government can be able to connect and work in partnership with the private sector, which is considered vital for the growth of any economy.
Technology is essential for economic growth and creating of employment opportunities.
Some of the essential technological aspects that are vital in public administration include cyber security, robotics, patents and internet policies.
Impact of organizational, human and budget resources on technology
Organizational resources such as the administrative resources may reduce the efficiency of the use of technology (Lee and Whitford, 2012).
For instance, technology is normally aimed at reducing the number of employees and making leaner organizations.
Additionally, the level of professionalism of personnel may also be a constraint in terms of adopting new technologies.
Issues of cost have to be balanced in the adoption of technology and also managing human resources (Sandor, 2012). However, individuals may seek to refrain from adopting technology as it may directly cost them a job.
It is also important to note that new technology may require training of employees on the usage of the technology and this may end up increasing costs to the organization. Technology that is not adopted well in an organization ends up increasing the financial cost to the organization. This is mostly the case where feasibility assessments are not done.
Impact of policy and politics on Technology
Before any technology is adopted in public administration, policies have to be formulated, and these policies can significantly influence the private sector.
Most of the innovations in technology in America have had a global influence. The policies drafted and adopted control how resources are distributed and used by the private sector. If the policies do not promote the use of technology or have increased constraint on the use of technology, it becomes difficult for private sector companies to compete on a global scale.
Tax rates can significantly reduce the adoption of various technologies. If the private sector is heavily taxed based on policy, there is a likelihood that they may switch to using cheaper, and lower quality materials in their production process and this may increase environmental emissions.
Adoption of technology is also influenced by the level of corruption and regulatory enforcement systems available (Sudhir, 2015). If corruption is reduced and regulatory enforcement on issues of technology increased there is a chance that the tax base can increase. Additionally, the environment in the private sector is enhanced by facilitating the growth of firms as the business environment is made the same for every business (Sudhir, 2015).
Incentives and subsidies also can have a positive impact on the use of new technology. Government and policy makers need to take this into account especially where technology is to have improved performance on public administration.
Ethical concerns of Technology
Security is a major concern in that technology may be susceptible to hacking where information is stolen (Klaus and Hartshorne, 2015). Sensitive information shared via email or stored in a particular new technology may require higher levels of security measures.
Databases that store customer personal and private information may be exploited by hackers for their own use such as identity theft.
Additionally, there is the concern of government using access to technology to monitor individuals without their knowledge.
Relationship between constitutional law and technology
Proposed laws dealing with technology require that the government have enough support in the House of Representatives and the Senate to be able to be passed into law. In the constitutional law aspects that have the most influence on issues of technology are the First Amendment, Fourth Amendment, Fifth Amendment and the Fourteenth Amendment (Polliciono and Romeo, 2015).
There is a need to enhance regulatory enforcement in terms of practices related to the use of technologies.
There is also need to ensure that new laws developed for technology purpose do not clash with laws already established in the constitution. More information needs to be provided regards to special circumstances.
Klaus, C. L., & Hartshorne, T. S. (2015). Ethical Implications of Trends in Technology. Journal of Individual Psychology, 71(2), 195-204.
Lee, S., & Whitford, A. B. (2012). Assessing the Effects of Organizational Resources on Public Agency Performance: Evidence from the US Federal Government. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 23(3), 687-712.
Nihlén Fahlquist, J. (2015). Responsibility and Privacy -- Ethical Aspects of Using GPS to Track Children. Children & Society, 29(1), 38-47.
Pollicino, O., & Romeo, G. (2015). The internet and constitutional law: the protection of fundamental rights and constitutional adjudication in Europe. London: Routledge.
ŞANDOR, S. D. (2012). ICT AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORMS. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 36, 155-164
Sudhir, K. (2015). Corruption Decreases Technology Adoption in Emerging Markets. Retrieved March 15, 2016, from http://insights.som.yale.edu/insights/corruption-decreases-technology-adoption-emerging-markets