Research on Functional Food
Trans Fat Fact Sheet
Can trans fat in the frying soybean oil be converted to cis form?
Yes, the partial hydrogenation can produce trans-fats because of the mechanism of reaction. First single hydrogen is added to the other unsaturated carbon upon attaching itself to the catalyst. Second, hydrogen will be added to the remaining carbon to produce the saturated fatty acid. The first step can be reversed when the hydrogen is reabsorbed on the catalyst and when the reforming of the double happened. The one with only a single hydrogen attached will have no double bond thus can freely rotate. When that happen the double bond will either transform into cis or trans which favored. However, regardless of the materials it started with the completion of hydrogenation process will also hydrogenate any trans fat to give out saturated fat (News-medical.net N.D.).
Would the conversion be economically feasible?
Yes, when trans fat is converted into cis from because natural fats obtained from plants such as soybean oil is generally resistant to digestion as far as complex cellulose is concern. The presence of cross-linked lignin is heavy preventing it from being converted into simple sugar. Therefore when he methods of conversion is applied it will improve the levels and availability of cellulose which important in the process of conversion which then can be converted into biofuels which is just one of the many economically feasible byproduct of converted fats.
In the principles of liposomes its bioavailability is due to the low absorption rate that works traditionally with oral nutritional and dietary capsules and tablets. Lypophilic encapsulation and the hydrophilic nutrients inside liposomes have created a very effective method of bypassing the elements of gastric system, allowing a more effective delivery of nutrients to the body cells and tissues.
In usual cases, bioavailability is improved by the link to the direct uptake by the nanoparticles. The uptake of nanoparticles is directly controlled by surface and size of the chemistry of the nanoparticle system. Directly uptaking the use of nanoparticles is particularly related to spoor absorption of soluble ingredients. How nanoparticle increases bioavailability is through a processing method wherein grinding and spray coating was combined. With the aid of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy it increased solubility Probucol present in water and it relatively increased permeability of cell membranes. The process involves the grinding of PBC along with methacrylic copolymer and sodium dodecylsulfate. The NMR’s solid state reveals that converting the drug from crystalline to amorphous state together with the Probucol’s polymorphic state can enable the formation of nanoparticles. As a result the nanoparticles increased bioavailability.
A beverage example in which neutraceutical nanoparticle principles can be incorporated is the low-fat milk. The colloidal dispersion of nanoparticles in particular is useful in delivering hydrophobic neutraceuticals and citamins with fat solubles. The idea is the nanoparticle’s stable colloidal dispersion is comprised by isolated B-lactoglobulin. It is a polysaccharide and at least a bioactive compound can be selected for the group consisting of vitamins. The rational is that the amount of polysaccharide in the dispersion process of nanoparticles is also equal of higher than the amount to that of B-lactoglobulin.
News-medical.net. (N.D.) Trans Fat Chemistry Web Retrieved March 20, 2012 from http://www.news-medical.net/health/Trans-Fat-Chemistry.aspx