Sigmund Freud was born in the year 1856, in Freiberg. As a matter of fact, Freud was tremendously to be the founder of psychoanalysis and Australian neurologist. Sigmund Freud is credited for various issues in the world, especially developing a new approach on issues pertaining human personality. In fact, Sigmund Freud is believed to be one of the controversial and influential minds in the 20th century. In general perspective, Sigmund Freud is among the trailblazers of the modern psychology. Sigmund in his work distinguished himself from other psychologist due to his intellectual mind. He became the pioneer of the new strategies used for understanding the behavior of human beings (Freud, 2007). In fact, most of his effort led to the development of the most comprehensive theory of psychotherapy and personality.
Since his early age, Freud had developed various interests, but as he grew up his career choices were narrowed due to his Jews heritage. At the age of four, Freud moved to Viena together with his family. In the year 1831, Sigmund Freud received a medical degree, and thereafter became one of the distinguished psychoanalyst (Jacobs, 2003). He began various private practices and focused on treating psychological disorders. In his life, Freud considered himself a scientist more than a doctor, this made him to begin a journey of understanding human experience and knowledge.
Perhaps, in his early career Freud was influenced greatly by the work of his Viennese colleague and friend. His friend Josef Breuer had made a discovery that when a hysterical patient is encouraged to talk on the past occurrence of symptoms, the symptoms in some cases gradually subsided (Freud, 2007). Joser Breuer became an inspirational figure in the life and deeds of Sigmund Freud. In his entire professional preparation and studies, Freud decided he was into religion, but could prefer science.
Freud Sigmund came up with a lot of theories to the understanding of human behavior. In fact, Freud was convinced that human body, which included mind can be elaborated in a scientific method of analysis and observation (Freud, 2007). This idea was further proven by his experiments on patients who suffer from physical symptoms or hysterias, which had no apparent physical cause. In his research, he allowed his patients to express their past thoughts freely; leading him to a conclusion that sexual feelings that are stifled was the main cause of sickness.
Freud is also credited for making famous the idea of the unconscious and conscious mind (Peacock, 2002).. In this case, the conscious mind referred to what an individual is always aware of at particular times, which include memories, present perceptions, feelings, as well as fantasies. According to Freud, pre-conscious entails working at a close perspective with the conscious mind. On the other hand, Freud asserted that the largest part of the human mind is the unconscious; these included awareness, and instincts.
Freud Sigmund theories became very influential but were not free from criticism. However, his theories and ideas has become part of human culture and behavior. Some of the theories that Freud came up with include the Id, Ego, and Supererego, Life and Death instincts, Psychosexual Development, as well as Defense Mechanism (Jacobs, 2003). Sigmund ideas had tremendously impact on psychology, in that the psychological school of thought is based on his work. In the year 1902, University of Vienna appointed Freud to be professor of Neuropathology.
Sigmund Freud claims that there exists a link between the psychological and the physical led to a lot of controversies. Most of Freud’s colleagues rejected this claim. Despite the criticism, Freud probed further into subconscious facts such as emotions, dreams and memories. The discoveries that Freud later made were from self-analysis. In order to bring out his ideas and thoughts, Freud wrote a lot of books that are still influential up to date. Although Freud committed suicide in the year 1939, his ideas has widely spread in the field of psychology. In fact, Freud is considered one of the influential personalities in the evolution of psychology.
Freud, S. (2007). The interpretation of dreams. Belle Fourche, SD: NuVision Publications.
Jacobs, M. (2003). Sigmund Freud. London: SAGE.
Peacock, R. (2002). Sigmund Freud.New York: Routledge