The United Nations (UN) - is a unique international community with a goal to contribute to the promotion of peace, economic and social development of all countries and nations. It was formed on 24 October 1945. Fifty-one countries gathered together with the purpose of advancing peace all over the world through joint cooperation. Nowadays, almost every single nationality has joined the United Nations, furthermore, there are 193 members currently.
The United Nations statute provides the directives that every nation must observe. This treaty sets the rules and obligations which are mandatory for the member nations. The UN charter has the following main purposes: to promote peace and security globally, to create and improve mutual co-operation between nations, help solving global problems and respect preserve rights of all humans, and to serve as a basis for all mutual national activities.
Despite the fact that the United Nations is not eligible for creating laws and, moreover, is not a governing body, it creates certain guidelines to make sure that conflicts between nations are prevented and avoided. Another responsibility of UN is to develop rules that would help to achieve peaceful outcomes to the certain problems that affect the world. According to the United Nations views, no matter how poor, small a nation is, it has all the rights and privileges as other countries to participate in world’s development.
The United Nations held specific campaigns, concerning to world peace and harmony internationally. They play an essential role in fighting drug, human trafficking as well as terrorist acts. They have held various campaigns to help refugees and to provide humanitarian help such as food supplies the countries of third world. Different activities to fight AIDS and world-wide demilitarization have the top priorities in their set of goals. The United Nations has conventional meetings to discuss and solve the world's most exigent problems. The democracy is the key factor of this organization. Each member of the UN is granted a vote on every topic. At the sessions, they vote on diverse subjects such as the worldwide peace. Members of the organization also debate on global security issues. Other minor topics might be concerning new members, who shall be admitted to the United Nations. Even though voting is the primary form of solving issues, it is preferable for the United Nations to make all the agreements by consensus. United Nations is subdivided on six main parts: the Security Council, the Trustee Council, the Economic and Social Council, the General Assembly and the Secretariat. The main legal brunch of the United Nations is the Court of Justice, which is also called World Court. Its main functions are to makes judgments and solutions on international conflicts.
Overall, The United Nations is a worldwide organization with reasonable assets and able to raise funds to influence the world significantly. For example, only In 2005, the sum of more than three billion American dollars was provided to help fighting against diseases such as AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. Moreover, another 4.5 billion USD was devoted to help the countries with environmental problems.
Whilst analyzing any organization it is impossible to avoid the strength and weaknesses part. In our case the United Nations has “both sides of a coin”. To start of with strength, it is important to mention that it fulfills a great mission: It unites all nations of the world. It is aimed at preventing world conflicts and wars, so far – it has been doing a good job at solving and avoiding such issues. According to the experience of generations, the best way to solve urgent problems is by discussing it in democratic way, thus, this is another strong point for the United Nations. But, in my opinion, the most influential feature of the United Nations is not the organization itself, but its individual agencies such as: UNICEF, UNESCO, WHO, WFP, UNFPA. They are completely independent, charitable organizations that help millions of peoples in different spheres all over the world.
However, the weakness are here also. We can’t but mention the fact the membership of UN Security Council is way limited. There should be countries with permanent basis, due to their huge investments in various UN projects, as well as population but they are blocked out. Also, the employment of this organization should be reviewed. Some employees do have more privileges and protection over the ones that have less work experience. As a result it should not be a factor to over think someone’s position judging by his country of origin or influence within the organization. Another fact is concerning Peace operations. As for me they should be more transparent and opened in terms of where and what countries take part and when, for example, laws are violated, military that is responsible for this should be identified by country and certain measures should be undertaken later on. Another thing is that the United Nations is doing poor job in reformatting educational system in the United States.
As for the protecting human rights side of this organization, in my opinion it successfully fulfills this goal. It is performed in 3 ways: UN establishes special standards through the Charter, treaties, documents, doctrines; then it sends specialist, experts to work in different spheres of promoting protection of human rights, and finally, it offers certain assistance by means of Voluntary Fund for Advisory Services in the field regarding rights of humanity. Individuals can appeal to Court of Justice whilst seeking the justice. Also, it helps to negotiate different international treaties on the economic, political, civil basis. Moreover, they monitor any instances of violation of human rights and take actions immediately!
Finally, the United Nations is the organization, that helps to keep peace and justice worldwide. It is not perfect, however is under constant development and improvement. It is impossible to measure the number of people that got justice and amount of avoided conflicts, that were settled down with the help United Nations.
"The United Nations and Human Rights." Welcome to the United Nations: It's Your World. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 July 2013. <http://www.un.org/rights/dpi1774e.htm>.
"UN has many major weaknesses | South China Morning Post." Home | South China Morning Post. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 July 2013. <http://www.scmp.com/article/78174/un-has-many-major-weaknesses>.
"United Nations: Human Rights." Welcome to the United Nations: It's Your World. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 July 2013. <http://www.un.org/en/rights/>.
"United Nations: Peace and Security." Welcome to the United Nations: It's Your World. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 July 2013. <http://www.un.org/en/peace/>.