Chapter eight of this book, "White Racism the Basic" is intended at examining two concepts. These concepts are the race concept and the development of racism in England with reference to the history. This is clearly implicated in the chapter’s title, ‘Race’, racism and representation. The chapter incorporates items that are related to the aspects of study of culture as well as racism. The first discussion is related to the issue of race and racism (Tatum, 2008 pg. 230). In the discussion of race, it states that there is basically one race in the context humanism. Biology that describes human beings does not segregate people in terms of race. That is, it does not result into division of people. Racism occurs in terms of culture and historical differences. Ideally, the chapter states that there is a difference in terms of skin color. Significantly, there is a difference but the context by which the difference is identified is the main issue. It may be created by differences in political context as well as power against the generally accepted perspective of biology.
Stuart Hall, in this chapter indicates that there are vital moments that are in the entire history of racism and race according to the Western Region. He states that the elements of slavery and trade as well as imperialism are some of the issue of concern in this case (Tatum, 2008 pg. 230). This was the first time that the element of racism was first used. However, the racism is not to a large extent an inevitable concept.
Secondly, the chapter discusses the concept of racism with reference to its historical emergence. The concept of racism is first dated to have emerged in England. The concept of slave trade is one of the causes of the occurrence of the idea of racism. It was first promulgated towards the issue of production where the slaves were forced to work in the sugar plantations (Tatum, 2008 pg. 230). Ideally, the concept of racism occurs as a factor of skin color. The white men are perceived to have the most beautiful color in the universe. They in turn refer the black men as Negros. This is an explicit description of the fact that they are totally racist. A Samuel Stick is made an argument that people who belonged to the black race are supposed to have been barred from entering their country with an intention of preventing Britons from infection and contamination by the black people.
In the same chapter is the aspect of orientalism. In the previous context, there is the issue of western people having the concept of racism in their domestic existence. However, the concept of power and knowledge has been the major strong hold in the west (Tatum, 2008 pg. 230). Orientism is used to give a detailed explanation of the relationship between the European kinds of developments that are done in the west in relation to the other nations. Ideally, the concept of the western differs from that of the orient. That is, the western is characterized by the concepts of rationalism as well as the level of development. The western region is referred to as a developed, humane, as well as a superior country. On the other side, the orient is referred to have an underdeveloped context, inferiority complex as well as an abnormal value with comparison with the western. Conclusively, this chapter discusses the concept of racism with respect to the origin and the factors that result to its consistency among different races.
Tatum, B D. "Why are all the Black kids sitting together in the cafeteria?": And other conversations about race. Princeton, NJ: Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic, 2008. Print.