Research carried out has provided an enormous amount of information available for both patient and clinicians on HIV and AIDS. Mechanisms to prevent the transmission of the disease have been outline. However, the methods of preventing its transmission will differ as per the background of the individual. A few nations are even now falling behind in education and thus their strategy for keeping the transmission of the illness will be unique in relation to that of the developed nations, for example, the United States. United States is a developed country, and much of its populace is very much educated. Therefore, the best methods that will help in the prevention of the disease is practicing safe sex. Taking the simple steps in practicing safe sex will serve a great deal for both partners. In this method, the partners have to use a condom correctly and each and every time that they have sex (Womenshealth.gov, 2014).
Elsewhere, sub-Sahara Africa countries are faced with the problem of underdeveloped hence are lagging behind in terms of technology and education issues. Additionally, they are still striving to ensure that quite a number of its population have access to health care facilities. On the basis of these factors, the best approach to avert transmission of the malady in Sub-Sahara Africa region is via abstinence (Loconte, 2003). Quitting vaginal, oral and anal sex is the surest way to prevent contraction of the disease. Abstinence from sex will buy some time for education about HIV and AIDS to have a way in the Sub-Sahara Africa countries. Thereafter, people can begin practicing safe sex because they will be aware of the practices of safe sex that lender them free from contracting the disease. In my opinion, harm reduction strategies should be legal because they serve a great deal in preventing the spread of the disease. Harm reduction via encouraging sharing of needles prevents spread of the disease because it empowers people who inject drugs to protect themselves and their friends from HIV. Needle exchange strategy provides access to syringes and injecting equipment that are sterilized hence reducing the risk of people who inject drugs from getting into contact with the blood of others (Avert.org, 2014).
Avert.org. (2014). Needle Exchange & HIV Prevention | AVERT. Retrieved 30 October 2014, from http://www.avert.org/needle-exchange.htm
Loconte, J. (2003). The White House Initiative to Combat AIDS: Learning from Uganda. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 30 October 2014, from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2003/09/the-white-house-initiative-to-combat-aids-learning-from-uganda
Womenshealth.gov. (2014). Practice safer sex | womenshealth.gov. Retrieved 30 October 2014, from http://www.womenshealth.gov/hiv-aids/preventing-hiv-infection/practice-safer-sex.html