Overview of Anthropometry
Nutrition is a very crucial aspect of health, and the decree of most public health alarming nutritional problems call for survey data. Provision of information for learning about the association between health, diet, and nutritional status is one of the major objectives of NHANES III. The evaluation of nutritional status calls for a succession of weight, height, and other anthropometric dimensions; on top of dietary intake methodologies, nutritional biochemistries, hematological tests, as well as questionnaire material. The term “anthropometry” refers to the gauging of the body of humans based on muscle, bone, and adipose (fat) tissue. The determination of subcutaneous adipose tissue is very vital as it has been discovered that people with large levels are linked with high chances of hypertation, gallstones, cardiovascular disease, adult-onset diabetes mellitus, arthritis, as well as other kinds of cancer. Anthropometry is very fundamental and decisive information data that is helpful in the description of data obtained from individuals in the NHANES III sample; more especially when it is combined with biochemical determinations as well as dietary and related questionnaire.
Purpose of Anthropometrics
Actual weight, height as well as body measurements together with girths, skinfolds, as well as breadths will be obtained in the MEC objectively for the evaluation of body distribution, growth, and source of data for reference purposes. The determination of weight and height will enhance the adjustment of growth charts for a child which are partly based the data that is obtained n NHES cycles II and III, in addition to the Fels Longitudinal Study data. Most importantly, Anthropometric measurements for instance, bioelectrical impedance as well as circumferences and skinfolds permits cross-sectional analysis of the linkage between obesity and the risk of the disease. As such, a number of measurements comprised in NHANES II will repeat ones they are made in the HHANES and NHANES allowing a trend analysis to be made. Arguably, some valuations have been incorporated to offer information on body frame size and the distribution of fat, while others have been left as the new data verifies that other measures proves to be more informative.