The manifestation of Josephine’s attitude is a lack of trust. She is self-sheltered, comfortable in her own company. And she is apathetic, unresponsive to the humanness of others. The natural way to treat this is by inviting her to get-togethers but it is highly unlikely she will commit to them—and may possibly be overwhelmed by it, and so, disappear. Smaller parties will be necessary, talking specifically to her is necessary. This way, Josephine being present for gatherings will not be missed, and she will feel empowered. The only way to unpeel Josephine’s lack of expression is to constantly have her feel included, she must feel as though what she’s think should be heard. This way she will be better equipped for interaction and make seek out deeper relationships.
Luis is unrealistic. How treat his offensive tactics would be to question them. An intervention would be the best way but the aggression may threaten Luis. He may fall from his comfortable fantasy to being angry and violent. Ways to deflate Luis to the realistic world is to expose him to situations of empathy. Experiences where he has to share his mind, discuss someone else’s ideas and only that other person. This would be a softer option than encouraging Luis to leap into his own hopes and fail miserably.
Somatoform is capable of crippling the body. It starts in the mind before flustering into such a tangible symptom. With no other reason why, Anissa hands have been affected because she was driving the car. In her case, this is a form of unexpressed guilt. Or the numbness of her hands expressing her helplessness or inability to change what happened. Therapy would be a necessary form for her to address her feelings toward it in a structured environment. This way she can tell what happened from her perspective and eventually realise and accept that the death of her friends was not her fault.
Karen’s memory has been disrupted. She has experience an incident so out of her control that he reaction was to make it never happened: her son was alive, well, and in bed. The best manner to deal with this illusion is for her husband to comfort her. Unfortunately, this may exceed having conversations and hugs. Larry may have to combat his wife’s denial with evidence (hospital bills, patient tag, items from the funeral, the grave marker) of their deceased son. His actions will strongly depend on how much Karen will resist the reality.
The quick-fix would be to treat Tony with medication. If he agrees to that condition and is aware of the side effects, there are pills for Schizophrenia such as Clozaril and Navane (Goldberg 2012). A method that may be more supportive, means a lot more responsibility, and what may have delayed Tony’s development of Schizophrenia is to have a support system, be around his family. Being an on-campus student had weakened and minimized the number of supportive relationship Tony had. The best thing to do is for him to have them back. Obtaining a specialized and trusted doctor or therapist will also be necessary for both Tony and his loved ones in this journey. He needs a community. Schizophrenia is not something that goes away; Tony is going to need someone or a people who are going to be there when he finds maintaining jobs, schedules, priorities, and sociability, challenging.
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MD Goldberg, Joseph. (2012) Drugs to Treat Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/guide/schizophrenia-medications.
Pain Disorder. (n.d.). In Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders online. Retrieved from http://www.minddisorders.com/Ob-Ps/Pain-disorder.html.