The process in which embryos that have been harvested from a patient are kept in a frozen state and then implanted into the same patient or a different patient is known as frozen embryo transfer. The process was first done successfully in human in July 1983 where an embryo was transferred from one woman and implanted into another woman.
The process starts with the introduction of in vitro fertilization fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries to release numerous eggs than usual. Once the eggs are produced, they are collected and subjected to fertilization using the sperms from the donor who can be a preferred person by the patient or any other viable donor. Once fertilized, the embryos are developed in the laboratory. Some of the advantages of the process include preventing children from inheriting genetic disorders and enable infertile women have children.
On the other hand, the process is associated with high expenses to implement the process and reduction of the size of the pool of the genes in a given population. The process is also labor intensive and requires specialists for the process to be successful.
The process has had little social acceptance especially due to the advantage of preventing genetic diseases and enabling infertile couples have children. The process has, however, faced rebellion with most people referring it to be morally illicit. Washing the embryos down the sink is considered to be murder and adopting them an act of saving life.
At a personal level, I consider the process to be a savior to those who cannot give birth although most of the procedures such as discarding the embryos are not ethically right.
Trounson, A., et al. "Pregnancy established in an infertile patient after transfer of a donated embryo fertilised in vitro., ,." British medical journal 286 (1983): 835–838.
Wang, J. X., Y. Y. Yap and C. D. Matthews. "Frozen–thawed embryo transfer: influence of clinical factors on implantation rate and risk of multiple conception. , , ." Human Reproduction 16.11 (n.d.): 2316-2319.