Surrogacy refers to an arrangement whereby a woman carries a pregnancy for another person, especially for individuals who cannot give birth. The rapid rise in outsourcing surrogacy has raised concern among people around the world. Some of the issues that develop from the practice include ethical concerns on women who offer themselves as surrogates, the women paying for surrogacy services, the agencies that contract such women, the government authorities, and the medical practitioners who build their practice around the practice. It is essential to identify the factors that contribute to the rise of surrogacy and outsourcing surrogacy, especially in Continue reading...
Essays on Surrogacy
Embryology Questions Essay Samples
- The stromal cells that are found in the developing gonads of tetrapods begin from the medulla from the peritoneal wall and the cortex from inter-renal blastema or mesonephric. Hence the gonads have a dual origin.
- Spermatogenesis occurs in a syncytial complex because it involves the formation of sperm from undifferentiated cells that are first attached to rachis. Syncytial cell complex or syncytium result when cells with single nuclei fuse to for a cell with nucleus. Syncytial cell complex is vital in oogenesis in that it assists in the differentiation of cells. One other developmental model is vitellogenesis.
Free Essay On Ethical Concerns Of Assisted Reproduction
Assisted reproduction occurs as one of the major breakthroughs to be ever achieved by humankind in the field of medical science. This is accredited to the primary fact that assisted reproduction, which entails the application of biomedical technologies promises undreamed and unquestionable benefits to human beings (Saul “The Gift of Life, and Its Price”). Even so, there is a need to note that there are a wider array of ethical concerns that arise from the application of assisted reproductive technologies.
More importantly, assisted reproduction technologies are clouded by ethical concerns emanating from the destruction of embryos. With the use Continue reading...
Free Abortion Essay Example
Science today has made an enormous progress and brought marvellous changes to human life. With a lot of technical gifts to mankind science has proved to be a boon for the entire society. In this reign of technology not having a child no more appears to be a bane and can only be recorded in the pages of history. Science now allows a woman to carry a child for other couple in her womb and the technology that made it possible is known as surrogacy. The practice emerges as a hope to many of the couples and even for Continue reading...
Good Three-Parent In-Vitro Fertilization Research Paper Example
Facts and Conclusion
Facts and Conclusion
Before we describe what three-parent in vitro fertilization is, let us first define what in vitro fertilization (I.V.F) is in the first place. In vitro fertilization is a process wherein the man’s sperm and a woman’s egg are fertilized outside the woman’s body (Storck, 2014). Once fertilization occurs and the fertilized egg divides to become an embryo, the embryo is placed in the uterus (womb) of the woman. Pregnancy in this sense happens once the embryo attaches to the lining of the uterus (Storck, 2014).
The process of in vitro fertilization is often Continue reading...
Abortion Defined Research Papers Example
[First Last Name]
[Date Month Year]
The concept of abortion as a deliberate termination of pregnancy, not as the spontaneous event called miscarriage, is tenuous to define because such definition varies according to its contexts, be it legal, bioethical, religious, or even cultural.
In the legal aspect there are issues on rights, quasi-rights, personhood, and potentiality (International Encyclopedia of Philosophy 2, 4-5). In the moral (as well as bioethical and religious) side (3-4), there is moral right, “at birth” notion of the human person, viability, “first movement” argument, consciousness and ability to feel pain, and unicellular zygote as the Continue reading...
The Question Of Surrogacy Essay Examples
When the surrogates egg is used, she has utilized one egg she will never be able to use for a child of her own. However, when the mother’s own egg is used the surrogate is not being asked to give up something that is non-replinshable (Gentleman, 2008).
The move to outsource surrogacy to poor countries leaves women vulnerable to being exploited through the need to earn money through surrogacy. In addition, these women may go through numerous pregnancy and births and be looked at as little more than a baby factory affecting their dignity (Nilanjana, 2011).
It is Continue reading...
Good Example Of Fetal Development, Nutrition And Milk Essay
- Describe the normal events of fetal development. How does malnutrition impair fetal development?
Normal events of fetal development: Normal events of development of a fetus take place in the inner uterine wall of the mother throughout a gestation. A fertilized egg or zygote moves through fallopian tube and reaches to the uterus.
During 0 to 3-weeks of gestation, the zygote develops into an embryo within a biological pocket or amniotic sac. As the embryo develops, the amniotic sac, filled with fluid gets enlarged, where the fetus floats. This fluid protects the fetus from injury throughout gestation period. Tentacles Continue reading...
Critical View On Surrogacy Essay
The rising prevalence of infertility in the modern society has driven up the demand for assisted reproduction techniques (ART). Surrogacy is literally an arrangement between a woman and another couple for carrying and delivering the baby that biologically does not have any link to the surrogate mother (Saxena, Mishra & Malik, 2012). As a social and economic occurrence surrogacy has received a lot of attention in the past decades due to growing interest across the globe in surrogate services. One of the most complex and unfinished discussions in relation to this occurrence is the ethical side of the issue and Continue reading...
Embryos Essays Example
The process in which embryos that have been harvested from a patient are kept in a frozen state and then implanted into the same patient or a different patient is known as frozen embryo transfer. The process was first done successfully in human in July 1983 where an embryo was transferred from one woman and implanted into another woman.
The process starts with the introduction of in vitro fertilization fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries to release numerous eggs than usual. Once the eggs are produced, they are collected and subjected to fertilization using the sperms from Continue reading...
Good Surrogacy: Legal And Ethical Considerations Research Paper Example
Surrogacy has been a topic for debate from the time it was medically possible up to now in the modern times. Many institutions and groups had voiced out their opinions and the arguments went on and on. However, for us to clearly understand the case at hand, we must first see the topic of surrogacy from both sides and from the eyes of three different people.
In this paper, we examined three critics of surrogacy. First, we look at the article by Katherine B. Lieber (1992) entitled ‘Selling the Womb: Can the Feminist Continue reading...
Abortion Research Paper Sample
Abortion can be termed as the ending of pregnancy by expelling or removing a fetus from the embryo or uterus prior to viability. An abortion may take place spontaneously, where it is often termed as a miscarriage, or it may be deliberately induced. The word abortion mostly refers to a human pregnancy’s induced abortion. Following viability, the relevant process is known as a pregnancy termination. In the developed nations, an induced abortion in conformity with the law is regarded as one of the safest medical procedures. Nevertheless, unsafe abortions lead to 5 million hospital admissions and about 47, Continue reading...
Good Essay About Outsourcing Surrogate Services
Surrogacy is defined as a practice whereby a female agrees to carry to terms a pregnancy on behalf of another woman or couple. When a child is given birth to, a woman who carried the pregnancy to terms has to surrender the child to a woman or couple that procured her services of a surrogate (Dubey & Decherney, 2012). The surrogate can either be the genetic parent of a child- a practice that has been termed as traditional surrogacy or be genetically unrelated- a case referred to as gestational surrogacy. In genetic surrogacy, a woman is either naturally impregnated by Continue reading...
Surrogacy Tourism Research Paper Example
The public is against surrogacy tourism because many people consider it immoral. Most members of society consider surrogacy tourism as not morally upright. Some people even go as far as comparing surrogacy tourism to prostitution with reference to the level of immorality attached to the concept.
Surrogacy tourism is important in the current world especially in the current social disposition of the world. The world is on a trend of becoming less and less homophobic. This is a situation where same sex relations and even marriages are becoming more acceptable in society. As a result of this social acceptance Continue reading...
Free Argumentative Essay About Surrogacy Letter To Lucinda
I can understand that you are considering surrogacy as a single parent. Owing to the fact that you want to work hard and earn more money for your daughter. I know you have plenty of people telling you what they think as a result of their own views but you want me to tell you the views of the experts on the topic to know whether or not the act is degrading to women or whether it is a form of baby selling. I am hereby providing you an objective analysis of what the experts says on both sides Continue reading...
Has Medical Technology Gone Too FAR Essay Sample
Medical advances have no doubt done a lot for individuals with one medical condition or the other. Chronic medical conditions can now be managed; some genetic conditions are also being managed because of advances in technology.
For instance, in the past, when in-vitro fertilization was invented, it was illegal because of the moral issues people had with it. However, nowadays, in-vitro fertilization has become so common nowadays. In-vitro fertilization has also given succor to a lot of couples who have one challenge or the other with their reproductive tract. Nowadays, they can also be given a chance to have Continue reading...
Example Of Dalai Lama Essay
Leadership refers not to the position or power of a person; it is a particular person’s relationship with his or her followers/community. Ethics is not focused on the individual; it is about an individual’s relationship with the people around him or her. Therefore, leadership ethics relies on the web of relationships within the community. Workers or followers will conduct their behavior based on what the leader shows them. The leader is the one who sets the standards in an organization, and his actions directly impact all those around him or her, creating the mood set in the Continue reading...
Ethics In Health Care: Assisted Reproduction Essay Examples
Ethical dilemmas surround surrogacy and the donation of egg and/or sperm?
The Dilemma of surrogate mothers in India
Dilemma of multiple pregnancies from in-vitro conception
This document contains an analysis of assisted reproduction practices, especially, with reference to India. The ethical implications will be thoroughly explored from the perspective of it being a dilemma whereby surrogacy involving the egg /sperm donation poses immense moral difficulties justifying the process. Recent developments reveal that the process presents a dilemma for surrogate mothers in India due to financial commitments and incidences of multiple pregnancies occurring from in-vitro conception.
Since Continue reading...
The Practical Problem, Ethical Issues And Questions, And Ethical Foundations Case Study Sample
PRESENTATION OF RELEVANT FACTS AND RELIABLE EVIDENCE
This case is about the patient who was admitted for elective induction at thirty seven (37) weeks gestation. This is contractor to recently implemented policy that prohibits admission of pregnant women for elective induction prior to thirty nine (39) weeks of gestation. This policy regarding elective induction was passed through a national research-based campaign for purposes of taking care of both the health of the women and babies. Dr. K is therefore faced with the dilemma for admitting a pregnant mother at 37 weeks gestation. These campaigns against early deliveries through elective induction were basically meant to reduce complications Continue reading...
Example Of Report On Nursing: Ha-353 Legal Aspects/Healthcare Administration
Other Current and Emerging Issues in Health Care
Lesson4:1-Decision-Making Concerning Individuals: Consent
Lesson 4:2- Decision-Making Concerning Individuals: Reproductive and End-of-Life Issues
Lesson 4:3 -The Impact of Globalization & Emerging Technology
This document contains three essays pertaining to the lesson entitled ‘Other Current and Emerging Issues in Health Care’ outlining three subject areas. Lesson4:1 relates Decision-Making Concerning Individuals: Consent; Lesson 4:2- Decision-Making Concerning Individuals: Reproductive and End-of-Life Issues and Lesson 4:3 -The Impact of Globalization & Emerging Technology.
Lesson4:1-Decision-Making Concerning Individuals: Consent
Question 1:- Case Study, Mrs. Mary Smith.
Step 1: Facts
- She was admitted to Jones Memorial Hospital
- Initially her injuries did not seem severe.
- She remained in Continue reading...
Example Of Critical Thinking On Overview Of Jbi Model
Reflection on Clinical Practice
Reflection on Clinical Practice
In advanced nursing, acute care of pregnant women is an important part. The challenge that is common in this field of nursing is that the nurse must consider the wellbeing of the developing fetus in addition to that of the mother before taking any interventions. One of the first cases I handled was that of Mr. & Mrs. Peterson. I met Mrs. Jessica Peterson, 31 while she was 4 months pregnant after she was diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus. From her medical records, this was her second pregnancy with the first one having ended in a Continue reading...
Example Of Report On Mendel's Experiment Of Hybridization On Peas, Pisum Sativum
- Seeds with different shape (group A) and height (group B)
- Four types of Pisum sativum seeds.
- Pure breed of round seeds and wrinkled seeds
- Peer breeding tall and short peas.
Both seeds types planting occurrence was separate in different green houses (Pat 7). In the first trial year, the peas were ready to pollinate (Pat 7). Plants selection occurred from the rounded and wrinkled seed plants (Pat 8). Their stamen removal occurred, and pollen grain gained from the wrinkled seed dusting occurred separately on the stigma of the flowers obtained from round shaped plants. The Continue reading...
Animal Science Article Review
- How to detect if a cow is in estrus?
This can be visualized when the cow allows other animals in the herd to mount her while she is still standing (SUNUPTV). This can be aided by placing an artificial marker on the cow, which will indicate whether she has been ridden.
- Describe the steps involved when practicing artificial insemination. What is an advantage of artificial insemination? How can semen be stored or preserved?
The semen are obtained from the storage unit, which in this case is the nitrogen-holding tank. Remove the semen by using a straw. The Continue reading...
Discovering Love Essay Example
The study of love is not the usual science of study. However, Harry Harlow among other few psychologists have made this field important in studying human behavior. This study is based on foundations made by Jean Piaget on cognitive development and most importantly from infants (Kail& Cavanaugh 127). Research has shown that adult’s moral behaviors are influenced by their upbringing. Individuals start discovering love at infant stage. The kind of love they receive from their mothers determine their ability to reciprocate love in their future adult life. Harlow tried to put this in experimental form by using infant Continue reading...
Example Of Working With A Woman In Pregnancy Annotated Bibliography
Working with a woman in pregnancy
Gestation period: 15 weeks, G1P0
I first met Lisa in the antenatal clinic. She had come along with her partner, Chris and her mother.
Lisa is of Caucasian origin. At 20 years old, this is her first pregnancy, and also her mother’s first grandchild. Both mother and daughter seemed excited about the pregnancy. I conducted the comprehensive medical history using the obstetrics database. She did not have a medical history. Her blood group is O positive, and antibodies are negative Rubella immune. Furthermore, she tested negative for HIV and Hepatitis, HB 100g/l, BP 98/62 and HR Continue reading...
Free Essay On Fundal Height In Routine Antenatal Screening
Fundal Height in Routine Antenatal Screening
Fundal Height Measurement
“Fundal height is the distance (in cm) measured with a tape measure from the top of the pubic bone to the top of the uterus (fundus) with the client lying on her back with her knees slightly flexed” (Ricci & Kyle, 2008, p. 324). It’s also ensured that the client’s bladder is empty while the test is performed (White et al., 2012).
Typically, the fundal height increases as the pregnancy progresses. It indicates fetal growth and provides a gross estimate of the pregnancy’s duration (Ricci & Kyle, 2008) where each prenatal visit must correlate with Continue reading...
Essay On Streptococcus B Testing Antenatal
Group B Streptococcus Testing
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Testing is a medical procedure that screens for the presence of the GBS bacteria in a pregnant woman’s body. It is important for this test to be performed because a GBS infection during pregnancy can cause neonatal meningitis, sepsis, or even death (Albouy-Llaty, Nadeau, Descombes, Pierre & Migeot, 2012). According to Mercer, Ramsey & Sibai (1995), 18 to 32 percent of congenital infections are caused by neonatal sepsis and can be a major cause of mortality and morbidity where 1.3 to 3 per 1000 neonates are affected by the early onset of Continue reading...
Biology Homework Critical Thinking
Differences between Angiosperms and Gymnosperms? What makes them unique?
Angiosperms are believed to have evolved from gymnosperms. A significant difference between the angiosperm and the gymnosperm is that the angiosperms contain large water-conducting vessels in their wood whereas the gymnosperms have small conducting tubes (Rice, 2009). Additionally, the life cycle of angiosperms is much faster than that for gymnosperms. Fertilization in angiosperms may take a few days whereas in gymnosperms fertilization may take up to a year (Rice, 2009). The unique feature that makes angiosperms different from gymnosperms is that angiosperms have double fertilization (Rice, 2009).
Ovary of a Plant
The ovary of plant forms is a part of the female structure Continue reading...
Grzimeks Lamniformes (Mackerel Sharks) Article Review Examples
Lamniformes (Mackerel Sharks)
Synopsis of the Article
According to the article, Mackerel sharks belong to class Chondrichthyes and order Lamniformes. As the surviving members of the larger lamniforme sharks that have long become extinct, mackerel sharks are characterized with over 15 surviving species which do not compare directly with the countless number of shark fossils that have been discovered. It is worth noting that most of the fossils obtained encompass isolate teeth with most of lamniforme teeth being widespread in a plethora of marine localities in almost Continue reading...
Free Essay On Assisted Reproduction
The following paper aims at discussing the major ethical issues faced by the fertility industry. Even though it helps childless couples, it posses many ethical questions which need to be addressed urgently. Assisted Reproductive Technology is gaining momentum, giving a chance to overcome infertility issues. Due to lack of governmental guidelines there are many serious ethical issues that remain unsolved. The paper is an attempt to classify these problems.
The various procedures and methods used to induce pregnancy using artificial or partially artificial means is known as Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). This technology is mainly used for infertility Continue reading...
Creative Writing On 20000 Leagues Into The Uterus
Today’s the big day, thought the sperm, the day I finally get out of this cramped room and I can swim free. Something in him was telling him that ejaculation was about to happen, and that it would happen in the environment he was meant for – the perfect one for fertilization. He knew he had a lot of work ahead of him, around him were about a billion of his brothers, all geared up and ready to get out there. As all of them knew, they had a mission to complete, a race to win – and only one Continue reading...
Article Review In Vitro Fertilization Course Work
The article reviewed in this paper is ‘In vitro fertilization as a Medical Treatment for male or female Infertility’ published by Health Technology Advisory Committee (HTAC) in 2002. The paper was chosen because it comprehensively covers the subject of in vitro fertilization (IVF). In summary the paper looks at the history of the technology, the major approaches available, the outcomes, the success rate and the funding/ insurance policies on the same. In vitro fertilization is modern technology that is employed in the medical field as a remedy for infertility in either man or female. Continue reading...
Essay On Immune Tolerance In Pregnancy
1.0 Background of Immune Tolerance
The immune system is the natural defense that combats disease causing agents in the body[ CITATION Gre02 \l 1033 ] through an intricate and coordinated interactions of many classes of proteins and cells[ CITATION Len00 \l 1033 ].The immune system has a potential to destroy the body cells but in all vertebrates the system is capable of distinguishing “self” from “non-self” molecules. That way the immune system eliminates pathogens and molecules that are a threat to the integrity of the organism without “self-destructing”[ CITATION Len00 \l 1033 ]. The human body has several mechanisms of Continue reading...
Genetics Course Work
Original DNA Strand:
Transcription (base sequence of RNA):
Translation (amino acid sequence):
What is the significance of the first and last codons?
Explanation: The first and last codons are very essential in that they dictate and command the direction of the transcription and synthesis of mRNA from the 5’ end towards the 3’ ends. Additionally, the first and last codons act like terminal points where protein synthesis begins and where it actually ends Continue reading...
Gestational Diabetes: Pathophysiology, Etiology, Signs And Symptoms, Interventions Research Paper Examples
Gestational diabetes (GDM) can be defined as a kind of diabetes observed in pregnancy. It can be described as intolerance to glucose or elevated glucose level initiated or recognized in pregnancy, usually in the second or third trimester. Gestational diabetes affects almost 5-7% of all pregnancies in the US annually.
Gestational diabetes: pathophysiology, etiology, signs and symptoms, interventions, prognosis, and a nursing approach
Gestational diabetes (GDM) can be defined as intolerance to glucose or elevated glucose level initiated or recognized in pregnancy, usually in the second or third trimester. Gestational diabetes affects almost 5-7% of all pregnancies in the US annually. This implies that approximately 200000 women in the US have to Continue reading...
Good Complications Of Presentational Diabetes During Delivery Essay Example
What is The Best Way to Manage Delivery in Women with Diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus bear serious implications on both the pregnant mother and the fetus. Gestational diabetes is associated with increased risk of fetal macrosomia. Furthermore, high prevalence of postnatal diabetes among babies has been observed in cases of obesity and diabetes mellitus during pregnancy. In other words, both diabetes mellitus and obesity are serious clinical conditions that need to be managed carefully in order to ensure that the mother and the fetus are safe and free from risks of various complications that are often associated with the two conditions. Delivery is a critical stage that affects both the mother and Continue reading...
Artificial Conception, Early Pregnancy And Other Issues Concerning Fertility Research Paper
AIDS, Early pregnancy and Artificial conception are just some of the main issues commonly interrelated with fertility or reproduction, both of which are sensitive topics, that ironically must be given more attention academically.
This paper is divided in two parts. The first part tackles In-Vitro Fertilization and other kinds of artificial conception, and the correlation of AIDS, early pregnancy and prostitution, while the latter part focuses the socio-economic and health impacts of AIDS and prostitution with more emphasis on developing countries.
Emergence of Artificial Conception
Artificial insemination and In-Vitro Fertilization are just two ways of replicating pregnancy through the normal process of fertilization Continue reading...
Methods Research Paper Examples
Bioinformatics combines the subjects of biology, mathematics and computer science in to a single field of study. There are various tools available for the biomedical researchers so that they are able to find out the desired biochemical, genomic and medical information. Search programs, data base storage and software programs are some types of bioinformatics tools that help in the analysis of proteomic and genomic data. The web based tutorial of bioinformatics programs will be used in this study to analyze the most important enzyme of fertilization called phospholipase C-gamma. This tutorial will use the bioinformatics tools easily acquired from Continue reading...
Free Objectives: Research Paper Example
The stem cell research has been debated ever since the birth of it. However, the categorization of the stem cell research has been defined in a wrong manner. Moreover, the media is sensationalizing the topic. This has resulted in a wrong notion that all stem cell research is unethical. This is a wrong notion of the research because there are two types of stem cell research. The adult stem cell research is ethical than the embryonic stem cell research.
Adult stem cell research refers to the usage of matured cells from mature adult human being without killing the host. Continue reading...
Maternity Nursing Case Study Sample
The purpose of this paper is to develop a comprehensive nursing care plan in relation to a case study. The nursing care plan is a structural framework that is developed by a health care provider for the purpose of ensuring harmonized communication that will eventually result to secure and valuable care for the patient (Doenges, M. E., Moorhouse, M. F., & Murr, A. C., 2005). Maternal health care is a sensitive area of health care provision as it involves handling two lives at once; that of the mother and the unborn child. In this case, developing a maternal care plan Continue reading...