Caffeine is the most pervasively used psychoactive and widely used mood-altering drug in the world. The fact that caffeine is not regulated implies, this drug does not have severe effects. It is clear that the coffee, tea and other beverages that contain caffeine result in addictions. Research indicates that the caffeine is extremely addictive, with ability to cause conditions of intoxication, withdrawal, and dependence. The addiction arises from its ability to induce sleep, decrease pain, and fatigue, boost memory, and promote anxiety. Caffeine helps in sustaining duration, maximizes effort, and increases speed during endurance events. It has not been Continue reading...
Essays on Blood
Preparing For Physical Activity Research Paper
In the chapter 3 from the book The Basic Concepts of Wellness, the thing is about how to train body and mind very good so that to reach success in any kind of sport, specifically fitness. Training fitness is doing the hard work by stimulating muscles and getting trained heart. This chapter tells about how to do it right not to get the body harmed. It is necessary to choose the boots right, to decide how to organize the day correctly, how to deal with problems that may happen during training. The book may be very useful in order Continue reading...
Good Complications Of Presentational Diabetes During Delivery Essay Example
What is The Best Way to Manage Delivery in Women with Diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus bear serious implications on both the pregnant mother and the fetus. Gestational diabetes is associated with increased risk of fetal macrosomia. Furthermore, high prevalence of postnatal diabetes among babies has been observed in cases of obesity and diabetes mellitus during pregnancy. In other words, both diabetes mellitus and obesity are serious clinical conditions that need to be managed carefully in order to ensure that the mother and the fetus are safe and free from risks of various complications that are often associated with the two conditions. Delivery is a critical stage that affects both the mother and Continue reading...
Essay On The Reproductive System
Exercise 1: Investigation of the Testes and Ovary
- Why are the testes located outside of the body in the scrotum?
The testes work best at temperature lower than the body temperatures. Therefore, process of spermatogenesis takes place optimally at temperatures slightly less than that of the body and hence the testes are located outside in the scrotum.
- What process occurs in the seminiferous tubules?
The seminiferous tubules form the site for germination, maturation, and transportation of the sperm cells within the testes of the male animals. The processes are called spermatogenesis. The process of meiosis takes place within the seminiferous tubules. The sertoli cells found Continue reading...
Essay On Anatomy Of Respiratory System
Exercise 1: Anatomy of the Respiratory System
What are the two functions of the larynx?
Larynx is a cartilaginous and a muscular structure while holds vocal cords together. It is used by human beings to talk, swallow and breathe. It is lined by the mucous membrane hence forming part of the respiratory system. Larynx protects the airways by closing quickly after mechanical simulation hence stopping respiratory and curbing the entry of foreign substances into the airways. The larynx also produces sound, controls ventilation and acts as a sensory organ.
Where does gas exchange take place in the lungs?
Gaseous exchange occurs in the lungs and for it to take place; there is the need for Continue reading...
Sample Essay On Urinary System
This is the discussion of the results of the anatomy of the urinary system. The report analyses the structure and functions of various organs and cells that are involved in the excretion of toxic material from the body.
Simple cuboidal epithelium of the kidney the
The epithelial cells: are uni-layered, they are square in shape. The nucleus is placed at the centre of theses tissues. They have Squamous cells that are plate like. They appear very thin.
Surface epithelium: have different surface proteins. Facilitate absorption and transportation of filtered materials in the kidney tubes.
Transitional Epithelium of the Bladder
ct = connective tissuelu = lumenrbc = red blood cell (stained bright pink in this Continue reading...
Example Of Case Study On Dialysis Capd
A 36-year-old woman is married and has two adopted children. She is diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease (PKD), and she will soon have to go on dialysis or consent to a renal transplant.
1. What additional data should the nurse collect to help the patient make the best decision for herself?
The nurse would need to collect previous health records of the patient. Gathering information on the cause of kidney failure and the medications used would help the nurse analyze the health issue in a precise manner. Gathering information on the patient’s psychological health and family would help Continue reading...
Free Essay About Obesity
(Candidate’s Full Name)
Causes and Effects
Obesity is a medical condition in which excessive amount of fats accumulates in the human body. If a person’s body weight is at least 20% higher than it should be, the person is considered to be obese. Obesity has been classified as a disease by the American Medical Association and has been described as one of the leading causes of deaths worldwide and one of the most serious health issues of the 21st century. Its effects on health are unimaginable.
Causes of Obesity
- Junk Food: Eating high glycemic food with low nutritional content Continue reading...
Good Example Of Understanding The Concept Of Sisterhood Essay
Sisterhood is often recognized as the special bond that female siblings have. This bond is often used as a primary theme in several literary and art works that redefine the concept of how women value their connection with their sisters. The term ‘sisters’ may however refer to different types of connection between female individuals; notably, some, although not connected by blood consider themselves closely tied by their beliefs, their thoughts and the way they perceive life as a whole. The comfort that one gets from being with another becomes a distinct part of one’s being that the relationship Continue reading...
Chambers, Valves And The Fibrous Skeleton Of The Heart And A Few Related Definitions Essay Examples
The human heart, which is roughly the size and shape of a man’s closed fist, contains 4 chambers and 4 valves. The 4 chambers of the heart that divide its internal cavity into four regions are the right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium and the left ventricle. The atria constitute the upper chambers and the ventricles comprise the lower chambers. The two atria have thin walls and receive venal blood. Deoxygenated blood from the systemic veins is received by the right atrium. The left atrium receives blood which is oxygenated from the pulmonary veins. The two ventricles have Continue reading...
Example Of Essay On Wa2-Bio
Stress and blood sugar levels are closely linked. Stress may be caused by various environmental factors. This is especially common in today’s society that comprises of things occurring at high speeds. When the body is under severe stress, the body releases stress hormones, such as cortisol. Stress hormones cause an automatic increase in the level of blood sugar. Adrenalin, which is released during instances of flight and flight, has a similar effect. The main reason for this kind of functionality is to enable the body to have sufficient energy to react to the cause of the stress.
Under Continue reading...
Problem Statement Essays Example
VTE Nursing Research
Venus thromboembolism (VTE) is a condition that includes both pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT commonly occurs when blood clots in deep veins normally in the pelvic veins or in the legs. However, VTE is common any vein in the human body. Patients who develop VTE have a 35% to 65% chance of dying from it. It is important to research on Venus thromboembolism (VTE) because as the third most common cardiovascular disease, it is a leading cause of mortality and mobility worldwide. VTE results from slowing of the blood flow (stasis), damage Continue reading...
Hypertension In African-American Women Research Papers Examples
Hypertension is a silent killer that afflicts over 77 million people in USA. The prevalence of this disease is higher among African-Americans than other ethnic groups. Especially, more than half of the population of African-American women suffers from hypertension and the associated disorders. Apart from genetic factors, a slew of environmental factors including obesity and lack of activity, diabetes, poor diet, alcohol consumption and stress are contributive to this growing phenomenon among black women. This paper has discussed this issue in more detail along with the recommended interventions necessary to keep this condition under check.
Hypertension is a debilitating Continue reading...
Good Research Paper About Full Assessment Of Amphetamines
Following the American Psychological Association’s Guidelines
History: According to an article published in American Journal of Bioethics the history of amphetamines began in 1887 in Germany . It was created by Lazar, Edeleanu, a German scientist. During WWII, amphetamines were used to enhance performance but by 1965, were outlawed by the USFDA, when abuse became extensive after the war (2013). Today it is most commonly used, illegally, be baseball players to enhance performance much like it did for the soldiers of WWII. Known as “greenies” the substance has been outlawed in sports but players continue to abuse it (2013).
Pharmacokinetics: “Toxicity of Amphetamines: An Update” Continue reading...
Example Of Essay On Alcohol
The topic on alcohol consumption, its benefits and dangers has remained a controversial issue that has attracted arguments from a diverse perspective. Alcohol, generally, is viewed in different perspectives and its consumers usually have a genuine and probably a practical reason to do it. Therefore, it is important to consider both sides of the argument on alcohol consumption in order to develop a clear insight into the matter. This research paper presents an argumentative essay on an interview conducted to three people in order to seek their opinion and perception on alcohol consumption. Each interview response is introducedby a Continue reading...
Example Of Statement Of The Problem Research Paper
Management of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic progressive metabolic disease that affects a lot of people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization more than 436 million people worldwide have diabetic mellitus; however that number will likely double by the year 2030 without any intervention. The needs of diabetic patients are not only limited to adequate glycemic control but also correspond with preventing complications, disability limitations and rehabilitation. There are a lot of essential care behaviors in people with diabetic which predict good outcomes such as healthy eating, being active, monitoring blood sugar, compliant with medications, and risk reduction behaviors. Diabetic Continue reading...
Mechanism Of Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin) Research Paper
Aspirin is one of the most commonly used drug in the world. The generic name is acetyl salicylic acid and the drug belongs to the group of non- steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, which works by inhibiting the production of compounds in the body that cause pain, fever, inflammation, and blood clots (Koester, 1993). Aspirin is also a member of the salicylate family of compounds as it is synthesized from salicylic acid, which was discovered in Oxford (UK) by Edward stone in 1793 and first synthesized in the laboratory in 1897 by a German scientist, Felix Hoffmann of the Bayer company ( Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Hypertension
During my Practicum Experience, I encountered a patient who will be referred to as Elaine in this description. Elaine, at the time of our examination of her, weighed nearly 200 pounds, was 5’7” in height, 35 years of age, and led a sedentary lifestyle. She reported to me and the other nurses that she was a regular smoker, having smoked two packs a day since she was in her early twenties, and also drank three times a week. She has an office job, and as such does not regularly exercise. Her blood pressure was 150 over 95, leading Continue reading...
Good Literature Review On Ginkgo Biloba Does Not Help To Improve Memory
Ginkgo Biloba is known to be one of the oldest unique species of tree. It is known for its contributions in medicine and is also used as a food source with nutritional benefits. It is popularly touted as a “brain herb” as it is moderately effective in improving cognition in dementia patients and has the potential of helping to keep an individual’s memory sharp. Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It is also used as a remedy for blood disorder since it is an anticoagulant. Alzheimer’s disease is one form of Continue reading...
Good Essay On Stroke
Stroke is defined as the onset of sudden death of brain cells as a result of lack or deficiency of oxygen in the brain. There are two types of stroke that can affect an individual namely Ischemic and Hemorrhagic stroke. Ischemic stroke is caused by the blockage of an artery leading to lack of oxygen in the brain. On the other hand, Hemorrhagic stroke results from a tear in the wall of an artery that causes bleeding in the brain. The part of the rain affected determines the severity of stroke suffered by an individual. The extent of damage Continue reading...
Clearance Mechanisms Of Incompatible Red Blood Cells Essay Sample
The binding of antibodies to red blood cells can lead to potentially fatal outcomes such as hemolytic transfusion reactions, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and hemolytic disease of the fetus/newborn.1 Information regarding the first steps of hemolytic transfusion reactions is well documented. It is, however, unclear why the severity of hemolytic transfusions experienced by different individuals ranges from mild to very severe.2 The pathophysiology of the final pathways and downstream events of red blood cell hemolysis are also yet to be fully elucidated although research is ongoing.2 A recent study by Liepkalns et al. (2012)1 has reinvigorated debate on the Continue reading...
The Effect Of Food In Arteriosclerosis Article Review Examples
Endothelial malfunction is the main cause for atherosclerosis. Arterial blockage increases the risk of stroke, congestive heart failure, and heart attack. Cocoa polyphenols, bioavailable superoxide dismutase, and pomegranate help the arteries from being damaged by enhancing endothelial function.
Pomegranate has influential antioxidant properties that protect the heart and blood vessels. Pomegranate juice reduces atherosclerotic properties, and reduces arterial plaque progression. Anthocyanins, Punicalagins, and tannins present in pomegranate acts as antioxidant and reduce cardiovascular diseases. Cocoa polyphenols enhance endothelial function, improve the free flow of blood, and prevents oxidation of LDL's.
Cocoa has a high concentration of flavonoids. Epicatechin and Continue reading...
Free Essay On Evolution Of Blood Types
Gibbons, chimps, and other primates are not just considered evolutionary related to human beings, scientific analysis suggests that there are blood relationships between the two. The human blood types A, B, and O in human beings are approximated to have evolved about 20 million years ago, which is assumed to be as old as the human existence. This scientific research also reveals the existence of a common ancestry between these primates and human beings. According to scientific knowledge, blood types are broken down into two groups of positive and negative, which are referred to as the Rhesus factor (RH). Continue reading...
CSI New York Analysis Season 1 Episode 1 Research Paper Samples
The TV series Crime Scene Investigation has for some time been one of the viral and most watched series in the world. With its combination of both reality and fiction, much attention is gained from the viewers who criticize and at the same time big up the captivating work of executive producer Jerry Bruckheimer alongside Anthony E. Zuicker, Ann Donahue and Carol Mendelsohn. CSI is a series depicting the crimes (especially murders and kidnappings) committed in most, if not all of the cities around the continent. Moreover, it shows how these crimes are solved to find the unknown truths Continue reading...
Good Example Of Nursing Research Essay
The human body comprises of many health complication due to variation, environment, activities and nutritional factors. Human beings are prone to developing some disorders arising from the above mentioned factors at different degrees and extent. The most alarming thing is the increase in incidences of young people being affected by VTE (Amin, 2009). This has necessitated the addressing the issue of VTE to determine why it has become so dreadful to the youths and young generations. Similarly, the paper will discuss the issue of the core measures that have been incorporated in health care and their net effect on Continue reading...
Complexity Principles Essay Samples
The Body as a Complex Problem
The body harbours all the characteristics of a complex problem. For example, it is a complex system made up of many interconnected components; the legs, the arms, the ears, eyes, the head, the mouth and the waist are some of the distinct parts of the body. The enormity of body parts creates the idea of chaos; all these parts perform different functions, and it is difficult to determine the long-term behaviour of each one of them. However, it is puzzling to note that with so many parts performing different functions, the body appears well-coordinated unless problems arise within any Continue reading...
Free Disorders Of The Blood Term Paper Example
Blood consists of erythrocytes and leucocytes suspended in it. Blood is pumped from the heart to the body through the arteries and it enters back in the heart through the veins. Blood without cells is known as plasma while serum is the straw colored liquid obtained after the removal of the clot. Plasma contains different proteins, nutrients and waste materials. There are different cases of blood disorders observed in humans.
Blood cells and platelets
The most abundant cells in the blood are the anucleate, biconcave erythrocytes. They contain a red pigment known as hemoglobin (Hb) that carries dioxygen (O2). Hb contains four subunits Continue reading...
Braxton Vigus Essays Examples
Hist 1303 Western Civilization to 1500
Spring 2014 T Th 9:25- 10;40
I certify that I am the author of this work and that any assistance I received in its preparation is fully acknowledged. I have cited any sources from which I used data, ideas, or words either quoted or paraphrased. I also certify that this work was prepared by me specifically for this course and has not been submitted to any other class."Signed_____________________ Date______________
The Black Death
In October 1347, there was a plaque pandemic that struck a good part of the earth’s surface (Exploring the Middle Ages 99). It was first referred to Continue reading...
Smallpox Essay Samples
Smallpox is a viral disease that causes pus-filled boils on the dermis. It looks similar to chickenpox, but has certain characteristic differences. Unlike chickenpox, smallpox is lethal in 30% of the cases and leaves the victim with disfiguring scars and/or blindness. Smallpox has now been eradicated through aggressive vaccination. The last case was reported in Somalia in the late 1970’s. After 2 years of worldwide surveillance, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that the disease had been eradicated.
2. Causative agent
Smallpox is caused by the Variola virus, which belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus. The members Continue reading...
Discipline: Anthropology Essay Sample
1`. If two flowers, a white and a red flower produce a pink offspring, this is known as co-dominance.
2. If two peas, a yellow one and a green one produce green offspring only then the green color is dominance.
3. The yellow color is recessive.
4. If one trait in a given cross does not mask the other and both the two traits are displayed the condition is called incomplete dominance.
5. Genetic trait of Thumb H, h.
The probability of Hitchhike phenotype is ¾ while that of nonhitch phenotype is 1/4
6. Two different individual one of tongue roller while the other one is no roller.
Let the mother be roller hence the genotypes are Tt while the father be a non-roller tt.
Offsprings’ genotype Tt, Tt, tt, Continue reading...
Stress Testing Essay
Stress testing is a procedure done to diagnose coronary artery disease. The procedure works by in a way that information is obtained on how the heart works when someone performs physical exercises. An exercise stress test is usually done to determine how effective a human heart can function during physical exercises. A patient is subjected to some physical mostly peddling an exercise bicycle of walking on a treadmill for a short time of about three minutes. The intensity of the exercise in increased while the reading of the heart performance in recorded. The results are then found and interpretation Continue reading...
Alicia Paz Research Paper Sample
Pollution and the Human Body
The human body has an incredible defense and healing system. It uses the various senses like smell, sight and taste to filter the food, air and water as they get into the body. The skin safeguards the body tissues and internal organs from environmental hazards. The skin also senses the variations in environmental temperatures and acts as the body’s stimuli in controlling the body temperature. The brain and the nervous system are part of the complex response and flight mechanism that responds to emergencies and dangers. An army of white blood Continue reading...
Open Topic Research Papers Example
Hormone replacement therapy is spoken in hush tones and with underserved skepticism, especially testosterone for men. This begs the question, what is the reason for unprecedented backlash regarding hormone replacement therapy, especially when using testosterone in men? The claims made seem unsubstantiated, weak and are not backed by any evidence. More precisely, they are in contravention of recent discoveries and published studies. The tragedy is that such misinformed happen in the public domain and are propagated through many different media outlets. In the interest of fairness, I ask seek to know why the media does not report on the Continue reading...
Example Of Essay On The Association Between Diabetes And Oral Health Amongst People From Different
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by lifelong hyperglycemia due to defect in insulin secretion or action. It has been observed that the percentage of people diagnosed with diabetes, from year 1980 through 2011, has gone up by 167% in the age group of 0-44 years. In the same period, the increase was found to be 118% in the age group of 45-64years; 140% in age group 65-74years; and 125% in those 65years and above. For the same time period, it was found that the age-adjusted percentage of people with diabetes increased by 153% in those with less Continue reading...
The Solution To The Riddle Stress Lies In Your Heart Essays Examples
The heart is a major body organ that pumps blood at a very high pressure to all parts of the body. The connection between the heart and the brain is vital because it brings about both personal and social coherence. The target audience is career men and women who are faced with day-to-day activities that may lead to stress. Lack of synchronisation in body systems is caused majorly by stress that leads to expression of negative emotions such as anger and anxiety. This greatly affects the performance of an individual.
Fatigue by definition is physical exhaustion because of hard Continue reading...
Scleroderma Research Papers Example
Scleroderma is also called systematic sclerosis. A chronic illness comes under the category of autoimmune rheumatic illness. Scleroderma is the combination of two Greek words that mean “hard skin.” Even though the symptoms of Scleroderma are very vast, hardening of the skin is the most visible symptom of this disease.
Scleroderma is a combination of rare diseases affects the skin and its connective tissue. In extreme cases, it affects the body’s framework way beyond the skin. The blood vessels, organs, and digestive system are affected.
According to research, Scleroderma is caused by the production of collagen in the Continue reading...
Biology Answers Essay Example
Lesson 5 Answers:
24.) Plants are classified into four major groups: Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and lastly the Angiosperms. Bryophytes are the plants that do not have true vascular systems, which consist of the xylem and the phloem. In this group, includes the mosses, liverworts and hornworts. Together, they are considered as land plants that reproduce their own asexually by producing spores. Spores are produced in the ‘sporangium’ (plural sporangia), a bulb-like structure located at the top of the stalk. It can only be seen through the use of high powered microscope. Because they lack vessels that can bring the nutrients from the Continue reading...
Example Of Atrial Fibrillation Book Review
Let me begin with explaining what Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is. In this condition, the upper chamber of the heart experiences irregular impulses, resulting in rapid and chaotic heart beats. The may case shortness of breath and intolerance to exercise. Its serious long-term consequences include; stroke; serious bleeding; cardiac arrest, and even death.
Traditionally treatment used to be started with medications. But, this approach had a limited effect. Since 1990s, hospitals had been performing a procedure, which does not require elaborate surgery or drugs. It focuses on the causes of atrial fibrillation. This procedure is called catheter ablation. In this Continue reading...
How Can We Deal With Safety When Working On The Roadways Essay Sample
All activities in roadways, both and non-construction need to be thoroughly managed at all times, so that all the risks involved are identified and a detailed risk assessment done. This will ensure that adequate and appropriate controls are implemented to protect the safety and health of workers and road users (Shane & Kandil, 2012). While working on a roadway, adequate protection of the construction site needs to be undertaken. This can be done by putting up adequate sign posts, proper lighting and guarding measures to protect the work crew and other road users. Most road workers are exposed Continue reading...
Sample Report On Cardiovascular System
Blood pressure refers to the force exerted by the blood on the walls of the artery. Measuring the blood pressure is done in mmHg or millimeters of mercury and is given by two numbers. The number on the top shows the maximum pressure that is exerted by the heart while beating also known as systolic pressure. The bottom number shows the quantity of pressure in the arteries between heartbeats also known as the diastolic pressure. The difference that occurs between the top number and the lower one is referred to as the pulse pressure. Heart rate is Continue reading...