Social inequality, a condition in which people in the society lack same social rank, may be caused by factors like race, gender, education and employment which consequently determines other factors like crime, poverty and health levels in a society. Social stratification can be contended as the main cause of social inequalities in the society. Moreover, gender inequality is the most evident and common cause of social inequalities in the society (Fink, 2000, pp. 19-20).
Gender, a property that distinguishes individuals based on their societal gender roles and biological roles actually cause inequality in the society to a greater extent. In the society women are perceived inferior as compared to men and most often are subjected to carry out and execute house hold chores. Moreover, women do not get better employments and jobs or even if so, they do not get better positions or pay and wages as compared to their male counterparts. Women in most communities are belittled and undermined to the extent that most of them do not get education since the society perceives it as a waste of time and resources. A part from gender race also may be another source of social inequalities. For example, In America blacks are subjected to prejudice especially in regard to education, employment and other social needs. They eventually engage in devious behavior like robbery and drug trafficking which increases the chances of incarceration.
New Right view point theory debates the factors leading to gender disparity and inequality based on the biological differences that exist between males and females from delivery or birth. The theory proposes that males are able to dominate women due to their masculine bodies, aggressiveness and are more physically strong as compared to females. The theory does not guarantee social inequalities or differences based on biological differences rooted to birth; it proposes for the review of gender disparities and inequalities between males and females in a positive way in terms roles in the society. For instance, males should always be the providers in the society while women should be undertaking daily chores (Jacobsen, 2007, pp. 8-10).
Marxist theory on gender and family propose for a new revolution in the society that would put into consideration fresh and novel gender relations between males and females in the society. The theory is based on the perspective view of capitalism which advocates for private ownership of things rather that communal. It criticizes patriarchy debating that it is a hindrance to economic development since human relation determines the extent to which development can take place. It dismisses the times when women were considered inferior in the society and encourages the development of a new system whereby women and men hold a good relationship free from oppression and prejudice. Moreover, he contends that human beings should consider themselves valuable and important as compared to personal interests and he specifically puts emphasis to women whom for a long time have been segregated (Lerro, 2005, pp. 84)
Social stratification can be described as the process by which the society groups and classifies individuals in regard to their supremacy, gender, race, education level, authority, assets, prosperity or other social status in the society. Studies on social stratification are very vital in defining and explaining some of the causes of crimes, poverty and poor health conditions in a society. In contemporary Britain, a modern capitalist society, the upper class can be debated as having too much wealth as compared to the lower class. The working class comprises mainly of the contract labourers which can be semiskilled or totally unskilled and work as service persons in industries. On the other hand, the middle class belong to the higher ranks of clerical workers, managers and businesspeople. In terms of labour, women do not get well paying jobs as compared to males which is evidenced in the political field (Jackson, 2010, pp.
Fink, G. (2000). Social Stratification and Health: Education’s Benefit beyond Economic Status and Social Origins. Encyclopaedia of Stress, Orlando, Florida: Academic Press, pp. 19-32.
Jackson, J. A. (2010). Some Measurement of Social Stratification in Britain. Social Studies, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, pp. 133-138.
Jacobsen, J. P. (2007). The Economics of Gender. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Retrieved from <http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=5Sm-OUf62tYC&printsec=copyright#v=onepage&q&f=false>
Lerro, B. (2005). Power in Eden: The Emergence of Gender Hierarchies in the Ancient World. Cheshire: Trafford Publishing (UK) Ltd. Retrieved from < <http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=qab5_1nhXk8C&pg=PA83&dq=marxist+theory+on+gender+inequality&hl=en&ei=JI9STbWKEIem4AaQnsGtCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=marxist%20theory%20on%20gender%20inequality&f=false>