Good health is considered as being one of the most important aspects of quality life. Arguably, it can be said to be one of the propellers of a sound economy. For this reason, many countries and also non-governmental organizations have come up with a number of health organizations so as to promote health issues in different parts of the world. In this case, I will base my analysis on the World Health Organization (WHO).
World Health Organization is a United Nations agency that undertakes the responsibilities of coordinating international public health. Besides, it also undertakes part in the prevention and treatment of diseases for instance, Malaria. It was instituted in 1948 and Geneva Switzerland set as its headquarters (Burci & Vignes, 2004). The organization took its consent and resources from Health Organization which was one of the agencies of the League of Nations. As per its constitution, its major objective is to ensure that people attain the highest possible level of health.
The organization runs a number of progammes and projects which includes; Global Malaria Programme, Prequalification of Medicines Programme, Global Burden of Diseases project, and African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control. It has also carried research and created policy documents such as the PAHO Policy on Research for Health. It should also be noted that, the organization has established partnership with some private partners such as the Institute for Oe World Health and the Malaria Vaccine Initiative, in its research work.
In terms of structure, the organization has about 191 UN members. The delegates in the World Health Assembly are usually appointed by the member states, (Burci & Vignes, 2004). The WHO Assembly is the ultimate decision making body of the organization. It makes policies as well as approving any proposed programme budget. The organization obtains its finances from the contributions that each and every member party makes towards the activities of this organization. For efficient management, regional offices have been set in different parts in all the continents.
Burci, G. L. & Vignes, C. (2004). World Health Organization. New Jersey: Kluwer Law International.