Although the world’s oceans cover about two thirds of the entire earth’s surface, it is usually very vulnerable to the influences of human beings that include pollution, overfishing and human activity waste dumping. This pollution usually has significant effects on the economy and also has a lot of health impacts particularly on the marine life because it kills the marine animals and also destroys their habitats and ecosystems. The toxins from fertilizers and pesticides used in farms usually contaminate the nearby rivers that eventually flow into the oceans and thus cause extensive marine life loss. The dumping of nuclear, industrial and other types of waste into the world’s oceans is also another ocean pollution source. All these aspects have detrimental impacts on the ocean life. For example, eutrophication is one of the effects of ocean pollution. This process in which there is the proliferation of oxygen depleting plants and bacteria that inadvertently create an environment that is poor in oxygen therefore killing marine life. Recently, efforts have been put in place to monitor and curb the amount of waste entering the world’s oceans. An acceptable level has been established and the countries that have been found to exceed this level have been assisted in coming up with a plan to solve eliminate this problem. Global bans on the dumping of waste into oceans have been found to be not adequate to eliminate this practice completely. What is required is for every government to develop a workable plan that can significantly reduce the level of wastes dumping into oceans and in the process also modify the waste already dumped to a form that is less harmful to the marine life.
"Ocean Pollution - MarineBio.org." MarineBio Home ~ Marine Biology, Ocean Life Conservation, Sea creatures, Biodiversity, Oceans research N.p., 12 Aug. 2011. Web. 31 May 2013.