The database of the “Wealth and Health of Nations” contains the data of the world regarding healthiness against the income per person. In order to review and assess the data of child mortality against the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the x-axis of the ‘Gapminder’ application is set to the variable named “Income per Person (GDP/Capita) and the y-axis is set to the variable named “Child Mortality”. The child mortality is considered the death of a child in between newborn till five (5) years of age. Moreover, the paper is limited to data of a few countries; therefore, the countries including Argentina, Botswana, Brazil, Denmark, France, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Russia, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Rwanda and United States are selected in the application. The document presents general trend of the child mortality, the highest mortality rate in 1960, the lowest mortality rate in 2011, the trend of Pakistan and United States.
The general trend of the selected countries since the year 1960 till 2012 depicts that the income per person of the countries increases, however, the child mortality rate of the countries decreases. The rate of child mortality in Denmark is the lowest in the year 2012; however, the income per person in the United States is the highest among the selected countries. Moreover, there are countries including Pakistan, Rwanda and South Africa having the child mortality rate up to eighty six (86) per thousand (1000) newborns. The income per person of these countries is also not as much increased as the countries like the United States, Oman, France and Denmark.
As per the application, the highest rate of child mortality among the selected countries is three hundred and fifty one (351) in 1960 and the country name is Oman. And the second lowest child mortality rate is two hundred and fifty one (251) in Pakistan (Gapminder, 2012).
In 2011, the data presents that the Denmark has the lowest rate of the child mortality and the rate is 3.8 death of child per thousand newborn. Moreover, the income per person in the Denmark is $33,037.
Pakistan is chosen in order to review the trend of the child mortality and income per person. In Pakistan, the trend is interesting, as in the year 1800, the rate of child mortality was 502. And the rate of child mortality increases with the passage of time due to improper development and implementation of the healthcare national policy. Moreover, the healthcare facilities are insufficient particularly in rural areas of the Pakistan. Among various factors, the air pollution, low spending on healthcare facilities, lack of skilled birth attendants and pneumonia are rated the most significant reasons of the child mortality (Huston, 2013). Moreover, the rate of child mortality in Pakistan is significantly reduced after the year 1950.
The trend of the child mortality and income per person in the United States surprisingly moves from the year 1800 to 2012. The income per person in the United States increases from $1897 to $5239 between the year 1800 and 1851, however, the rate of child mortality was neither reduced nor raised. But 1860 and onwards, the child mortality rate decreases surprisingly due to the implementation of the technological medical facilities and healthy environment (reducing the air pollution). Moreover, the United States spent a huge amount of budget to improve the healthcare facilities (Allender, Rector, & Warner, 2012). The rate of child mortality decreases to 7.1 in the year 2012.
Screenshot of the Graph
Allender, J. A., Rector, C. & Warner, K. D. (2012). Community & Public Health Nursing. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Gapminder. (2012). Wealth and Health of Nations. Retrieved from: http://www.gapminder.org/world/
Huston, C. J. (2013). Professional Issues in Nursing: Challenges and Opportunities (3rd Ed). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins