The term global stratification is the hierarchal order identifies the groups or individuals living in different societies around the globe.
The Commonwealth of Australia is considered to have 13th largest economy in the world. The GDP of this country is $918.978 billion. It has 5th highest per capita of about $40,836. The literacy rate in this country is about 99%. In 2012, life expectancy in Australia was about 84.40 years of women and 79.90 years of men.
Because industrialized countries like Australia have highest levels of economic development compared to other countries in the world, it most industrialized or developed nations. The Australian citizens are at the top level of the global hierarchy because they enjoy the best standard of living; meaning they enjoy consistent facilities of transport, electricity, medical, water and other technical facilities that makes living easier.
The GDP of Brazil is 2435.20 billion US dollars in the year 2012. This GDP value indicates 3.93% of the global economy. The literacy rate in Brazil is about 89%. According to the WHO data 2011, the life expectancy rate in Brazil is 71.0 for males and 77.8 for females.
Industrializing countries or developing countries stand in the middle of global hierarchal system. These countries do not have a fast economic growth. Although Brazil is struggling hard to raise its standard of living; however, most public still do not have access to healthcare facilities, education and other developed facilities up to this day; this does not indicate that the country lack resources needed for the expansion of its growth. Therefore, it comes under industrializing countries.
Less Industrialized Country:
According to the 2012 data by WHO, Sudan’s GDP was worth 58.77 billion US dollars and so it is considered a least developed country. This value indicates 0.09% of the global economy. The literacy rate in Sudan is about 71.9%. The WHO data shows that the life expectancy rate in Sudan is 60.0 for males and 63.6 for females.
Sudan is considered least developed nation is because it has low income level, economic vulnerability based on instability in the industrial and agricultural sectors, high levels of illiteracy, lesser health facilities and higher natural calamities. The public is not accessed to many necessary facilities that will help them live a stable life.
Lindsay, M. (n.d.). Industrialized countries. Retrieved June 18, 2014, from Boundless: https://www.boundless.com/sociology/understanding-global-stratification-and-inequality/global-stratification/industrialized-countries/