Summary of Chapter Six
Chapter six of the book discusses discrimination along the lines of color and race. The chapter discusses this concept in a holistic manner delving into various aspects of the concept in various set ups. The following are the main topics discussed in the chapter:
- History of civil rights and racial discrimination in the United States.
- Issues of racial discrimination in today’s workplace
Under this topic, the author outlines various issues at the workplace. Racial discrimination at the workplace causes different emotions to the employees. Other issues like legal suits, arbitrations and job losses are also highlighted.
- Research findings on racial inequalities
Theory is best when backed by statistics from empirical studies. This approach by the author gives credibility to his assertions. Under this topic, the author presents research findings from different scholars outlining the prevalence of racial discrimination at the workplace. The research findings also show the effect of such discrimination to the general direction of an organization.
- Manifestation of racial discrimination at the workplace
The argument under this topic negates the popular opinion that discrimination at the workplace manifests itself in a few common dimensions. The author delves into the evolving definitions of race and discrimination. In doing so, the author gives dimension to the concept f racial and color discrimination. Additionally, this gives different dimensions that racial discrimination can manifest itself in the workplace. This not only offers knowledge to an employer but also the employee.
- Avoiding liabilities for color and race discrimination at the workplace
Under this topic, the author of the book discusses different ways through which an employer can avoid being held liable for discrimination along the lines of color and race in the workplace. In his argument, race and color discrimination at the workplace takes different dimensions. By highlighting these dimensions, the author hopes that employers can understand how to avoid liabilities emanating from employee discrimination.
Summary of Chapter Seven
Chapter seven of the book discusses national origin discrimination. The theme of the previous chapter is propagated in this chapter. However, the discussion is tempered with excerpts and applications of relevant laws. The following are the most discussed topics in this chapter:-
- Effects of changing demographics in the American Workforce
For a long time, the American workforce had been dominated by the white majority. These trends have been changing in recent times. The demographic composition of the American workforce has changed with the African American and Latin American community taking up key positions. The author discusses the implications and the impact this has had on the workforce.
- Harassment claims
Harassment is one of the manifestations of discrimination at the workplace. For different reasons, employees raise claims of harassment by the fellow colleagues or their employers. The author attempts to define a harassment claim that is based on national origin. He further contrasts this with other harassment claims that are contextualized on other protected classes.
- Citizenship versus national origin
As espoused earlier, the general theme of this chapter is national origin discrimination. The author under this topic attempts to draw a fine line between citizenship and national origin. This is by outlining the differences between the concept of national origin and citizenship.
- Immigration Reform and Control Act