Discuss the role of ethnic minority groups in the Revolutionary period of 1815-1848.
Notably, the 1815-1848 period provided the most needed respite from the Napoleonic endless wars in Europe. The era was actually full of revolutionary recurring waves which changed the political, social, and economic arena of Europe. During this era the ethnic minority groups believed in legitimacy and sense of equality. Therefore, in order to put their demands publicly they deployed sculptures, painting, as well as architecture. This was meant to transform limitations and imperfections of the existing regimes. They also played a bigger role in the emancipation of the Greek drive, (Boime, 2004). In most situations ethnic minorities were oppressed, hence they were always in the run fighting for their rights and freedom.
Additionally, during this era the ethnic minority formed numerous movements to challenge ideal concepts of universal standards for all human races. This movements and aggressiveness of the ethnic minority groups led to exaltation of unique individuals from linguistic and ethnic groups, (Boime, 2004).
Focusing on Austria and Prussia, how did the various smaller ethnic groups in each area affect the start of and the success or failure of the Revolutions of 1830 and 1848?
Some of the ethnic minority groups include Hungarians, Croats, Czechs, Roman, Slovaks, and Slovenes. These groups had a lot of impact in the revolution. The 1848 revolution was one important moment for these groups, (Laven & Riall, 2000). The minorities came up with ideas of nationalism, liberalism and conservatism. They actually drove these ideas in a secret way as they continued to spread revolution in these regions. Most of these groups were suppressed, but those who succeeded prompted more changes in the countries. The success of the revolution was led by small communities who plotted rebellions and distributed propaganda leaflets, (Boime, 2004). Finally, their efforts led to Revolution in 1848, where all the ideologies they supported exploded. Their battle was slow but it later lead to equal and all inclusive society.
What role, if any, did Napoleon play in the political birth of these groups?
Napoleon spread the revolutionary modern ideas in which the rule of law was to serve people equal as well as equality among citizens. He defended the interest of the minority groups. He also incorporated freedoms that minority groups fought for. The Napoleon codes formed the basis of civil law in France. This laws and codes provided security to the minority in their political progress, (Laven & Riall, 2000). The minority groups advocated for government for the people, which they received lots of support from Napoleon. He also put to an end the chaotic government and anarchy. Hence Napoleon helped in political birth of the minorities by purifying revolution.
Boime, A. (2004). Art in Age of Counterrevolution, 1815-1848. Chicago: Chicago Press.
Laven, D. & Riall, L. (2000). Napoleon Legacy: Problems of Government in Restoration
Europe. New York: Berg.