For my research topic I have picked up one of the most controversial issues in common society. This issue is connected to the problem of smoking, and to the possible ways to find the most adequate ways in order to solve the issue.
I have chosen this topic first of all because it is generally accepted that smoking is one of the preventable risk factors and premature death from socially significant diseases: cardiovascular diseases, respiratory and malignant neoplasms. The prevalence of smoking in the United States of America as well as in other developed world countries is one of the highest among all countries. Nicotine dependence should be regarded as a disease that needs to be diagnosed and treated, so smoking cessation and treatment of tobacco dependence are very urgent task, allowing to extend the life and preserve its satisfactory quality.(Sloan, 12)
Nicotine replacement therapy is the cornerstone of the modern approach to the treatment of patients with nicotine dependence. At the heart of nicotine replacement therapy is the idea of the need to maintain the strength of will in the process of quitting smoking by easing withdrawal symptoms. Such drugs that are included in the process of nicotine replacement therapy appear to be: chewing gum, a nasal spray, inhaler, lozenges, adhesive and others in which the first time was taken into consideration not only psychological but also physiological factor. When using drugs in the body receives the minimum necessary dose of pure therapeutic nicotine that is smaller than in a cigarette, but that is sufficient to remove nicotine «break-up».(Healey, 22)
My goal is show the experience that proves that treatment of smoking addiction should be comprehensive, as the addiction to nicotine is manifested on several levels: mental and physical. Distinguish mental component of dependence that is in obsessive thoughts about cigarette, nervousness; with the physical component of dependence - expressed desire for smoking.
Healey, Justin. Tobacco Smoking. Thirroul, N.S.W.: Spinney Press, 2011. Print.
Sloan, Frank A. The Price Of Smoking. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2004. Print.