Effectiveness of Checks and Balances
Checks and balances is a system of administration that maintains balance of power among the branches of the American administration. It also sets limits on the power of every branch and ways for every branch to correct ant mistakes of power by the other branches. The founding fathers noted that too much power possessed by a leader would return the administration to dictatorship. It is evident that the concepts of checks and balance limit the power of the American state’s administration through various means by dividing the powers of the administration between the three branches. It is clear that every/each branch checks the actions of the other and balances their power in some ways (Hamilton, 2009).
For instance, the legislature is particularly responsible for making laws. However, a law has to be proposed as a bill and sent to different committees for discussion, modification, and research. The bill is the debated in the in the legislative house in order to be passed. After this stage, the bill is voted by the entire house in order to become a law. However, under the system of checks and balances, the president can decline to sign the bill into law. If the president refuses to sign a bill into law, then the legislative branch gets another opportunity. With sufficient votes, the legislative branch can supersede the executive’s veto and the bill becomes a law (Luce & Joyner, 2008).
The Branches of the federal Government
There are three branches of the federal government. These branches of the federal government include legislative, executive, and judicial (Luce & Joyner, 2008).
- Legislative Branch
The legislative branch is responsible in enacting legislation and confirmation or rejection of presidential appointments. Legislative branch has the authority to declare war. Legislative branch includes congress and a number of agencies that offer support services (Hamilton, 2009).
- Executive Branch
The executive branch is composed of the president, vice, president, and cabinet members. It is clear that this branch carries out and enforces laws (Luce & Joyner, 2008). America citizens have the right to vote for the president and the vice president through free, private ballots.
- President-the president is the head of the state, and the head of America administration and the commander in chief of the American military.
- Vice president-the vice president supports the president. The vice president acts as the presiding officer of the senate.
- Cabinet- cabinet members are nominated by the president and ought to be approved by the senate with approximately 51 votes. In addition, cabinet members serve as advisors and heads of various branches and agencies.
A bill becomes a law after it has passed through several stages. When a senator introduces a bill, he/she sends it to the clerk of his house. The committee reviews the bill and vote on the bill. The senate and the house debate and vote on the bill. The final stage is the president signs the bill or not. The president is the only person who determines if a bill becomes a law. The three branches of the executive act as a constructive way to promote the will of the people. The representatives of the people are more concerned about the people’s agenda and other agendas. The electorate plays an important role in the attitude and actions of the elected officials (Hamilton, 2009).
Hamilton, J. (2009). Branches of government. Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub.
Luce, P., & Joyner, H. (2008). How a bill becomes a law. New York: Scholastic.