A majority of life decisions are made by employing logical thinking. This type of thinking enables one to understand the premises of life situation and therefore assist in providing an all angle perspective that enhances understanding.
Logical thinking just like other types of thinking such as creative thinking, critical thinking amongst others employ a thought process which may be different according to the type of thinking adopted. However, while comparing the other types of thought processes, logical thinking comes up short. First and foremost, logical thinking is concerned with the deduction of appropriate conclusions. In order to do this, these conclusions rely on the information that is processed by the mind. Therefore, if the information that is fed into the system is inaccurate, logical thinking will work through the wrong information hence leading to deduction of inaccurate conclusions. Unlike critical thinking, which can analyze this type of wrong information to provide accurate conclusions, logical thinking does not have this luxury.
Logical thinking is known to challenge assumptions by analyzing and internalizing information to provide the right conclusion. Therefore, it requires one to build a strong foundation in the argument that is meant to achieve this aim. As part of its framework, logical thinking has two main classifications which are deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning is based on the ultimate truth of the issue and therefore seeks to identify the right conclusion to fit the determined truth. As a result, deductive arguments use the conclusion as the starting point in deducing the points and truths behind the determined conclusion. Inductive reasoning on the other hand is contrary to deductive reasoning as it uses the truth as the starting point to the determination of the conclusion. Therefore, regardless of the type of logical reasoning adopted, the truth forms the foundation of the argument and as a result, the basis of psychological approaches and researches.
As a result of this approach, arguments are based on the information that is believed to be the truth. Therefore, as mentioned above, the aspect of validity of information forms the central theme in logical thinking. The argument that results from this information therefore focuses on facts that have been presented. It therefore becomes a challenge to analyse aspects outside the circle believed as facts to expand on the basis of the argument. Logical thinking also employs and commonly uses the concept of evidence. In this regard, the evidence provides the direction for this line of thought.
The three disciplines of psychology, philosophy and science are all related on the basis of the thought process. Science is mostly based on facts that are presented in empirical findings and therefore its arguments revolve around fact-finding evidences. As a result of this, logical thinking is normally employed in this discipline. Furthermore, the most common type of logical thinking is that of deductive reasoning as the facts forms the basis of the arguments that are presented. On the other hand, philosophy aims to challenge the assumptions that are presented in situations in an attempt to explain the logic behind such happenings. As a result of this, philosophy and psychology would therefore employ inductive reasoning as an approach of logical thinking.
Despite the barriers that revolve around logical thinking, various approaches have been adopted to cope with this situation. For instance, proper research enables one to obtain more information hence leading to a more accurate logical line of thought.