Diagnosis of the gastrointestinal conditions is important in that it ensure appropriate intervention. It is important for the medical provider to adhere to certain protocols that would guide him or her manage the condition successfully. The first section that should be considered is the history of the present illness. History is very important. Some gastrointestinal conditions are heredity. The practitioner should ask the patient to clarify about the etiology of the disease (Walker, 2008).
The practitioner should also find out about the past medical history. Dietary history of the patient is very important as far as gastrointestinal system is concerned. Apart from the dietary practices, the practitioner should also know the time when the disease began. This is important because it enables the practitioner to determine the progression of the condition(Walker, 2008).
Physical examination is also very important. The physician should assess the part affected by the condition. The practitioner should be able to describe the various conditions affecting the disease. Examples of common conditions that should be well understood are the dysphagia, slalolithiasis, chellitis, and esophageal varices.
However, physical examinations involve determination of the observable signs. This means that there is also need for biochemical assessment. Most of the gastrointestinal disorders are due to pathogenic microorganism. The total coliform forming units should be assessed to determine the kind of microorganism involved. Diagnosis should be followed by formulation of appropriate intervention. Examples of interventions are the treatment, counseling. The practitioner should also plan for a follow up process (Walker, 2008).
Define the following terms as used in gastrointestinal system
What is the significance of understanding anatomy and physiology in medical field?
Respiratory system is a very crucial system. It is concerned with the oxygenation of the blood. Respiratory system consists of the lungs, trachea, diaphragm, and nasal system. Lungs are made up of functional units called airspaces. Management of respiratory conditions involved a number of steps. The health practitioner should know the history of the illness. Respiratory conditions such as asthma are genetically inherited. For this case, it is important for a practitioner to determine whether the patient have a relative who has once suffered the condition.
Past medical history is also very important. I is important for a practitioner to understand the drugs used by the patient. Understanding drug used is important because it would enable the practitioner to design the correct regimen to administer. Some patients are allergic to certain drugs. The practitioner should therefore find out the past medical history (Lee, 2004).
Physical examination of the respiratory system is very important as far as respiratory conditions are concerned. The practitioner can observe signs such as the breathing rate. The rate of heart beat is also important indices that enable the health provider diagnose the respiratory condition. However, it should be noted that there are other conditions that cannot be diagnosed based on the physical assessment. Some of the respiratory conditions are caused by the pathogenic microorganism. Tuberculosis is an example (Val Ball, 1998). For this case, physical examination alone is not enough to result in proper diagnosis. The need for biochemical examination is inevitable in such situations. The practitioner should examine the sputum to find out whether it harbors the microorganism. Biochemical examination also enables an heath practitioner distinguished those conditions cannot be resolve through examination of history, signs , and symptoms.
Respiratory system plays significant roles in the human body. Proper management of the respiratory system is very important. The health provider must be acquinted with all the knowledge and the processes involved in order to ensure that appropriate intervention is made. Diagnosis make up critical aspect of the medical plan that should be handled attentively (Walker, 7).
1. Discuss the etiological factors of asthma
2. What causes shortness of breath
Cardiovascular system makes up the most sensitive system in the human body. It is made up of the heart, arteries, veins, pulmonary artery and veins. The system is greatly affected by modifiable conditions that can be resolved through behavioral and lifestyle change. Examples of the most common conditions affecting the cardiovascular system include the myocardial infections, the cardiac arrest, the atherosclerosis, and the hypertension. These conditions are as a result of accumulation of the plague. Plague is a solid deposit that occurs at the surface of the inner blood vessels.
It is important for the health provider to find out the history of the condition from the patient. The health provider should ask the patient whether the condition has once affected some of the family members. This is important because inherited conditions require special intervention than the non-communicable conditions. He should also know the onset and progression of the condition in order to find out the best intervention measures to undertake (Walker, 7)
The health provider should seek the past medical history of the disease. Understanding the drugs that have been using is very important. The health provider should find out about the past medication and their side effects. This would enable him determine the combination that is tolerable o the patient.
Physical assessment is step that should be undertaken to determine some of the measurable variables that can direct the medical provider on the type and nature of condtion. Physical assessment involves assessment of the pulse rate, the blood pressure wher the systolic versus the diastolic pressures is measured (Lee , 2004).
Physical assessment has some limitation. It cannot provide accurate information to the health provider. There are some cases where the need for biochemical assessment becomes a necessity. Biochemical assessment provides accurate information. Biochemical assessment mainly involves determination of the enzymes.
The success of the treatment plan depends on the kind of interventions made. Appropriate intervention would enhance the success of the plan. The heath provider should also organize for the followup process.
1. Describe the relationship of saturated fats and the development of atherosclerosis
2. How does the myocardial infarction occurs?
Walker, W. A. (2008). Walker's pediatric gastrointestinal disease: physiology, diagnosis, management, VoL 2. PMPH-USA.
Val Ball, M. S. (1998). Cardiovascular/respiratory physiotherapy. New YorkElsevier Health Sciences, 1998.
Lee , L. (2004). Anesthesia For Patients With Cardiovascular, Respiratory & Gastrointestinal Disease. New w York, NY.