Global warming refers to the continued, unequivocal rise in the average temperature level within the earth’s climatic system. An approximated 0.8o Celsius has recorded form the 20th century, the global air and sea temperatures. That is; each of the last two decades has recorded equivalent gradual increase in temperature. This has made the earth warmer. Scientific comprehension on the myriad causes of global warming has been accelerated by the improved knowhow amongst the scientists (Black, 2010). For instance, the International Panel on climate change (IPCC) reported that human beings must have caused more than 90 % of the global warming. Statistics regarding the major causes of global warming are elevated towards human activities. There is a developing concern about the “greenhouse warming” which is deemed to be scientific. Ideally, the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2), as well as other atmospheric gases may produce gases that are effective to climatic change.
General concerns about global warming
First, there is a concern that only a selected population and economic sector are threatened to have negative impacts leading to global warming. Secondly, there are other general concerns which are related to evidenced increase in damage from acid rain among other global warming signs. Ideally, one of the basic causes that are thought to be very influential in the causal process of global warming is deforestation. It is given as a sample of the depleted genetic resources that are responsible for a balanced ecosystem. Accordingly, global warming quandary brings about numerous major policy queries. Many nationalities are making endless efforts to address global warming issues. However, they are deemed to be scientifically controversial (Egert, 2012). That is; there is no divine consensus that can enable the panels that aim at reducing global warming to identify the real causes and solutions of global warming. In the recent past, irreversible decisions have been constructed.
The efforts to determine the cost that international communities would invest in have become complicated. This means that the nationalities that believe in development and alienation of natural hazards have arrived at different approaches. Accordingly, the nations in question have failed to arrive at the impact-oriented decisions which are the helpful in fighting these externalities. In addition, they have led to the emergence of a vast political strain in the decision making process, which can lead to intense political unrest (Gore, 2007). This paper considers some of the economic concepts and policies which the selected government of France has addressed. These concepts are well discussed in a France report. They are the dominant policies that are determined to address the conspicuous global warming externality. The paper will address the policies in an environmental dimension.
France’s environmental policies
France is one of the most active and developed European countries. Because of the political unrest that is developed whenever regional countries make efforts to address simple issues, France has developed its own strategy to address global warming. Global warming is the most conspicuous environmental externality. This is because there is no divine method which can be identified as the best. The government of France has had a very motivated environmental policy structure (Lerner, 2006). These policies are aimed at diminishing the greenhouse effect. That is; the greenhouse gases emissions aim it. In addition, they are designed to deal with the local water and air pollution, as well as conservation and management of the biodiversity. The government of France has established its policies behind issues related to energy generation, manufacturing, waste management, agriculture and low- carbon category of economy. The policies are elevated at addressing the Green House Gas impacts on the environment. It also looks into issues like the cost of implementing these policies
The epicenter of France’s Environmental policies is that it intends to internalize both the global and the local externalities. Some of the policies that it has initiated are also common with those stipulated within the European Union strategy.
France, together with other European countries has taken the leading strategies to address global warming. According to its globally oriented policy, the intention in this case is to cut the gas emission by 20 %. The time frame that has been identified is proposed to be up to year 2020. The Greenhouse gas emissions ought to have reduced. Statistical research stipulates that France has done exemplary well in its commitment to reduce the emissions, with reference to the targets set. In addition, the French government also formulated a climate plan which was launched in the year 2004 (Egert, 2011). It is recorded to have gained an outstanding momentum. Statistically, the French government replications to reduce the greenhouse emissions have been successful by a mere 2.2%. This is one of the policies that show the government of France is effective in the fight against global warming.
These policies that are globally oriented have turned out to reduce the rate at which the greenhouse gaseous emissions at a very high rate. This means that the implementation of these policies has been effective. Ideally, the rate at which France has reduced its rates of emission compared to other nations is high. This shows the prominence that France has manifested within the global scope.
The government of France has also recorded strategic policies that are aimed at reducing global warming. First, it has proposed two major instruments that are skewed towards promoting renewable energy. Accordingly, the first instrument is the reduction of taxes on equipment such as solar energy plants. Reduction of tax encourages the buyers to purchase the renewable energy machines. In addition, the government has applied the policy of investing in electricity source of energy (Lerner, 2006). They introduced a tariff system that could ensure that the equipment that uses electricity power is easily purchasable. The rate is calculated to rate at 5.5%. Ideally, electric energy is environmentally friendly. This reduces the overall greenhouse gas emissions.
Dating from the year 2006, the French government has always provided a regulative policy that all energy providers to make energy savings. The policy has an advantage position within which it states that certified energy reductions are rewarded accordingly. These rewards enable them to identify with their initial targets. The fraction of the annual energy saving in France, after formulating this policy was 15 % of the aggregate annual energy consumed per household (Egert, 2012). Reliable information sources imply that the second phase of this policy was meant to take effect from first January, 2011 to 31st December, 2013.
The French government has effectively addressed the impact of global warming. In this case, the best policies that have enabled the country to stand out in reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases include incorporation of other sources of energy. Sources of energy like electricity and solar energy are preferable since they have minimal emission of greenhouse gases. However, these policies possess room for improvement.
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