What precisely did the Civil Right Movement gain?
The Civil Rights Movement was a period when Black people attempted to gain their rights constitutionally. The fact that the Civil Rights Movement was a legal, political, and social struggle experienced by Black Americans to gain their full citizen rights and to achieve racial equality, as well. The movement was a challenge to segregation, to accept the Black people as human beings. Specifically, the segregation focus on the Black students to enroll or attend in the White schools in the community or the desegregation of schools. Thus, the Civil Right Movement gained the freedom from slavery, the rights of full citizenship, and the right of all Black citizens to vote. The Civil Rights Movement grew through the years following the Brown vs. Board of Education decision of 1954. Both the Black and White citizens looked towards a greater, brighter, and equal future.
What objectives did it fail to achieve?
The Civil Rights Movement had some failures or some partial failure in some of its objectives that includes discrimination and poverty. Though the laws were passed, and some schools were integrated; however, the neighborhoods were not. African Americans experienced discrimination in some aspects of their lives. The Civil Rights Movements did not achieve the complete equality, however with greater equality. Overall, the Civil Rights Movement was achieved.
How were the approaches of Martin Luther King Jr, and Malcom X to Civil Rights different? How were they the same?
Martin Luther King Jr and Malcolm X had different backgrounds with very different upbringing. A rich Black family raised him; he gained excellent education, and better opportunity in life, and was a wealthy aristocrat man. Malcolm X grew in a poor family and he learned to defend himself from racist White children, and deprived of his father murdered by White mobs, his mother became mentally ill, and he was left alone, sent to an orphan home.
King Jr was an activist and based his ideology for the equality for both the Black and White people, as he wanted an integrated society. He believed in peaceful protest or non-violent resistant and used the business boycotts to achieve their aims, and the boycotts was a 90 percent effective move. Malcolm X, an Islamic Civil Rights activist, a member of the Nation of Islam, and had no problem with a more violent direct approach.
Why did so many new movements emerge by the end of the 1960s? (i.e. regarding Native Americans, Women, Chicanos, etc)
Several interrelated reasons erupted during the social change movements in the 1960s. The federal government’s role becomes very important in all the lives of Americans, and the people started to looked to the government to resolve the problems in the society. There were many things happened during the 1960s and more people wanted to stand up and do protest. For example, it emerged the movement of the Chicano student and the anti-Vietnam movements by the end of the 1960s.
Was the nation more or less divided in 1970 than it had been in 1950?
The nation is more divided in the 1970 than it had in 1950 is. In 1950, people were living in the aftermath of its triumph of the conflicts. Many veterans with their respective families lay around in the healthy economy that peace brought another depression, while in the 1970, more conflicts experienced by the people due to the war in Vietnam.
“The bottom of the economic totem pole”: African American women in the workplace. (1962).
Retrieved from http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/6472.
“We Must Destroy the Capitalistic System Which Enslaves Us”: Stokely Carmichael Advocates
Black Revolution. (1970). Retrieved from http://historymatters.gmu.edu/d/6461.
Beacham, T. G. (Producer), Libretto, J. (Director). (2004). Let freedom ring: Moments from the
civil rights movement, 1954-1965. [News program]. New York, NY: NBC Universal. Retrieved from http://digital.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?Token=40565&aid=18596&Plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&ref=