The Mexican USA border has been one of the most controversial topics in America. According to statistics, gangs are responsible for drugs worth billions being smuggled into America annually. One of the many attributes that have enabled drug passage into America is the organizational structure that local gangs have had to adopt to based on the larger outside cartel organizations. According to research no organizational structure existed at the local level, at first, this made it easy for police patrolling the border to catch and detain suspects of drug trafficking. However, the formation of organized gangs has brought about more complications that the American border patrol has to deal with. This is mainly because the gangs are adopting ever increasing sophisticated methods of smuggling drugs across the border (US Department of Justice, 2015).
Gang members in the United States have adopted ways in which they can communicate with their counterparts in Mexico while transporting in order to ensure sufficient drug transport is achieved. The situation has become drastic since more drugs are now crossing to the United States via the Mexican borders. Gangs are also increasing police jurisdiction problems due to the involvement of regional and nation level gangs in the drug trade (US Department of Justice, 2015).
For instance, drug cartels both in United States and in Mexico have adopted the use of surveillance and email as means of avoiding capture. Before drugs are transported, local gang members survey the border noting the weak points and advising their counterparts through emails and social sites such as MySpace. The emergency trend has brought about a new wave of drug trafficking that is less predictable and more beneficial for drug traffickers.
It is important to note that American and Mexico have very strong economic ties. In 1994, America signed a free trade agreement Mexico and Canada. The agreement made Mexico an important trade partner with the America. The agreement also fostered strong economic ties between the two countries. However, the war on drugs has had tremendous effects on this agreement. Mexico is viewed as having one of the biggest Drug problems, which also affects America in a negative way. Thus, it is important for both countries to trend carefully in order to avert any problems that might be brought about by the war on drugs. The war on drugs is viewed as being top on the agenda for the American government. One of the most important factors to note is that some Mexicans still consider parts of Texas and Colorado as being part of their country despite The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which was signed in 1848.
Treaty of Guadalupe/Hidalog retrieved on April 27, 2015 http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/guadalupe-hidalgo/
North American Free Trade Agreement NAFTA) retrieved on April 27, 2015 https://web.archive.org/web/20131219144210/http://www.fas.usda.gov/itp/policy/nafta/nafta.asp
US Department of Justice (2015) Problems with US/Mexican Border retrieved on April 27, 2015 https://web.archive.org/web/20120515124616/http://www.justice.gov/ndic/pubs27/27612/cborder.htm