Research involves collecting of data for analysis to enable a researcher to come up with the most appropriate results. Narrative research usually collects information giving an account of experiences of an individual or a group of people, in this case, the first generation immigrants. The data collected in this research is hypothetical, and one can organize it through chronological ordering of accounts and topical narrations (Gay et al, 2012).
Chronological ordering means giving accounts in the order of their timely occurrence for fluency of the research report. Organizing narrative data into topics helps in giving exhaustive accounts of the research object i.e. an individual or a group of individuals. For instance, it is imperative to consider giving a chronological account of issues pertaining to the first generation immigrants. The narrative research would be concise and easy for inference drawing if the investigator presents it exhaustively in topics (Gay et al, 2012).
Ethnographic research is a method that investigates the object of study in its natural environment. This is effective in ensuring that the researcher gets first hand information without creating awareness to the objects of study. Participant observation is a significant method in this research method. It utilizes overt and covert approaches of investigation to collect first hand information (Gay et al, 2012).
For instance, when conducting a research to evaluate first year teachers on probation, covert method is the most suitable. A researcher would be able to get the actual conduct of the teachers outside the classroom without influencing a change of their behavior in a bid to show their best side. Evaluation in class has to be overtly done because the researcher must be present during a class session. In this light, it is worth noting that overt observation method is not suitable for in class than out of class evaluation while covert method is effective for out of class than in class investigation.
Ethnographic research method investigates the objects by understanding, naturalism, and discovery techniques. A researcher conducts ethnographic research by interviewing informants or participant observation as discussed earlier in the paper. Interviewing an informant gives information from a second party; hence, it is subject to bias. Observer participation in a research allows capturing of information directly from the natural setting; hence, very effective (Gay et al, 2012).
Gay, L. R., Mills, G. E., & Airasian, P. W. (2012). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and applications. Boston: Pearson