This paper endeavors to explain how different ancient philosophers argued of how they believe in God scientifically and biblically and also how the current 21st generations believe in the existent of God as the creator and the provider of the universe. It also covers my personal views of the argument.
Baruch Spinoza (in Hebrew Bento is Baruch, in Latin is Benedictions) is one of the most important philosophers and certainly the most essential of the early modern period. His thoughts combine a dedication to a number of Cartesian metaphysical and epistemological principles with elements from ancient stoicism and medieval Jewish. His enormously naturalistic view on God, knowledge and human being serves to ground a moral philosophy centered control of the passion leading to happiness.
On July, 27, 1656, Spinoza was excommunicated by the Sephardic community of Amsterdam but with unknown reasons. However, in his work, Spinoza denies the immortality of the soul; strongly casts off the belief of providential God- the God of Abraham, Jacob and Isaac. He further claims that the laws were neither given by God and no longer binding on Jews and later died on while working in Hague, Holland.
Spinoza presents the basic element of his picture of God, God is infinite, necessarily existing and unique substance of the universe ‘by God I understand a being absolute infinite i.e. substance consists of infinity of attribute of which each one expresses of an eternal and infinite essence.' It was later established that his definition of God was the reason behind his excommunication from the Jewish community” God existing in a philosophical sense” which was meant to preclude anthropomorphizing of the divine being.
Lastly, Spinoza believes that the only solution to end the war of the state affair is to examine the bible newly and find the doctrine of the true religion. Only then we will be able to set the limits exactly what we need to do to show proper healthy relation between state and religion.
According to saint Thomas Aquinas, it seems that sacred doctrine is not science and for every science proceeds from self-evident principle, but sacred doctrine proceeds from article of faith that are self evident since their truth is not admitted by all “For all men have not faith” therefore sacred doctrine is not a science. He, however, argued that the existence of God is self-evident. Things are said to be self evident to us by the knowledge to which they are naturally implanted in us “the knowledge of God is self implanted to us” therefore the existence of God is self-evident. St Thomas Aquinas further gave us proves to show the existence of God, the
Argument from motion-in the world some things are from the motion, whatever is in motion is put in motion by another. The second prove is, the nature of the efficient cause, possibility and necessity and the graduation found in things.
The 21st century is now the most confused year of revolution compared to the early 16th and 19th century. It is the century where people do not believe in the scientific way of God or the biblical way of God. People do things for the sake of others without any consideration, no more going to churches, no more reading of bibles and no more offering of scarifies to God as it was in the early centuries. Even though they believe in what the early prophets were doing, but they consider it as history and has no effect to their luxurious life.
In the 13th centuries, people used to believe in God so much and that is why they used to be blessed and lived longer, Abraham lived for about 195 years. In 21st century, people believe in science and technology than God and that is why, God himself has created diseases for the mankind so that they can continue researching the cure of the diseases because of their scientific belief.
James, Susan, 2012. Spinoza on Philosophy, Religion, and Politics: The Theological-
Political Treatise, Oxford: Oxford University Pres