America is a nation that is full of different cultures and values depending upon different kinds of people, and each one of the diverse culture is valuable and unique in its own way. Without even one of the element in this diverse culture, the package is incomplete. This diverse nature of culture is what sets America apart from all other nations and keeps life going at America. (Le, H 2013)
The diverse culture that America holds is what makes the nation strong; otherwise America would have been just another average nation like the others. The culture that prevails in America acknowledges the fact that each person living there is different and unique, and is given respect for who they are and how they set their living style. America is known as the small version of the whole world since it contains people from all around the world including over 100 of various ethnic groups. And among those ethnic groups, people have managed to get along with one another and create a strong bond between each other. The diverse nature of culture in America has helped it become an extraordinary country and become an idol for all other countries prevailing all around the world. (Le, H 2013)
America in short is built up because of its diverse culture and, therefore, is a very important element for the country’s success, due to the power of accepting various numbers of ethnic groups and giving them equal importance and respect the United States of America has become a threatening nation for the other countries, and that proves the fact that American people can overcome any obstacle by working together for the nation’s success. (Le, H 2013)
Unemployment and underemployment of non-dominant group members have been well-documented throughout the textbook. How do such employment patterns negatively affect a country’s productivity?
According to a research study conducted in Nigeria to examine the negative effects of unemployment and underemployment of workers on the country’s human resource efficiency and well being. The study results based on participants’ responses to research indicated that workers are facing several health, social and economic issues, as a result of, unemployment and underemployment which is ultimately affecting the productivity of the economy. The respondents identified various effects of underemployment on them; poor standard of living, underutilization of their skills affecting their health and psychological impact with an inferiority complex. These factors ultimately resulted in poor performance and workers tend to possess least interested attitude to work. Finally, the respondents showed lack of commitment to the organization, as a result, of underemployment and unemployment consequences, and many of them told they were looking for better job opportunities and would pursue it if given a chance. One of the survey questions also showed job dissatisfaction as the reason of underemployment as they are working on a low salary as compared to their relevant qualifications. (Adegbami, A 2013, pg. 10-12)
This research has universal impact as they are realistic globally and exist in other economies as well. It indicates that underemployment jobs are unchallenging that do not allow workers to utilize their skills and expertise creating low job satisfaction and mental frustration on the job. The lack of motivation brings negative impact to their careers, organization as they put less effort in their job that ultimately effects overall productivity. These non-dominant groups of disguised unemployment and underemployment pose serious constraints to economic progress of the country, as a result, of organizational retrogression and low productivity by the non-dominant groups.
Choose a country other than the United States, and document the key diversity concerns for that country. Which groups are dominant, and which are non-dominant? What are the workforce participation rates, earnings, and employment differences among the groups? Discuss the equal employment acts protecting those groups. How is diversity in the country you chose similar to or different from diversity in the United States?
Diversity concerns in India are somewhat related to the social norms prevailing in the country, religious differences and cultural differences, the major diversity concerns of India include:
- Minority Groups
- Child Labor
- Gender Issues
- Religious diversity
- Linguistic diversity
- Special treatment for tribal communities
India consists of many different groups that are dominant and non dominant, the main 6 groups of India include:
Negrito Proto - Australoids or Austrics
Mongoloids Mediterranean or Dravidian
Western Brachycephals Nordic Aryans
The labor participation rate of India was found to be 55.50 in the year 2011, the labor force participation includes people from the age of 15 and above that are actively participating the economic development of the nation. The graph displayed below represents a brief description of the latest values and the statistics for the labor participation rate in India.
Figure 1. Labor participation rate - total (% of total population ages 15+) in India). Shows % of 15+ in labor participation rate in India.
The measurement of inequality in the incomes of the different groups in India has reportedly increased twofold in the past two decades, which has made it more difficult for the workers to work for the economy of the country. The 10% of the most dominant groups of the country earn up to 12 times more as compared to the bottom 10% of the population. Differences among the growth of the group’s earnings arise due to uneven distribution. (TNT, Dec 2011)
The Constitutional right at the entry level gives preferential treatment to certain sections that are categorized under Minority Groups / reserved Category Employees in India. The policy of statutory job reservation protects these groups which are further extended for ten years since 2000. Various employment benefits cater the backward classes as well. The son of soil policy gives jobs to locals and displaced people get preference for local positions. Women workforce has also been encouraged on equal pay-equal work basis in most industries.(Rao, S.R 2010)Few similarities that can be seen in both the cultures include:
- In both the Indian and American diverse culture, people have a tendency to help each other out.
- One of the key points that both culture share and is the key to their success is that for these people education is the most important element.
- Statistics and facts show that both cultures love ice cream.
- In both cultures, there are many problems while the solutions are less, but new entrepreneurs are constantly struggling to look for new solutions. (Ali, 2010)
Adegbami, A (2013). Effect of Underemployment on Human Resources Efficiency and Wellbeing in Nigeria. The African Symposium: An online journal of the African Educational Research Network. Pg 10-12. Retrieved from http://www.ncsu.edu/aern/TAS13.2/TAS13.2_Adegbami.pdf
Ali (May 30, 2010). 6 Cultural Similarities between India and the US. Retrieved from http://www.alibytes.com/2010/05/6-cultural-similarities-between-india-and-the-us/
Le, H (December 15, 2013). American Society and its diverstity. Retrieved from http://www.lifepaths360.com/index.php/american-society-and-its-diversity-21067/
Rao, S.R (December, 6 2010). Diversity Issues in India. Retrieved from http://www.citeman.com/12554-diversity-issues-in-india.html
TNT (Dec7, 2011). India's income inequality has doubled in 20 years. Times of India. Retrieved from http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Indias-income-inequality-has-doubled-in-20-years/articleshow/11012855.cms
Tradingeconomics.com (n.d). Labor Participcation rate-total (% of total population ages 15+) in India. Retrieved from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/india/labor-participation-rate-total-percent-of-total-population-ages-15-plus--wb-data.html
WebIndia123.com (n.d). People of India. Retrieved from http://www.webindia123.com/india/people/people.htm