In USA and UAE, the police work towards the protection of property and life by enforcing ordinances and laws. Their work includes routine police assignments which are received from the officers of superior position (Hodgson & Orban, 2011). In addition, they check parking meters for any violation and conduct preliminary investigations as well as traffic regulations.
In United Arabs Emirates, the overall duty for public security as well as law and order is under the Ministry of Interior (Ripley, 2010). The national police uphold public order as well as investigate and prevent crimes. A semi-autonomous body, the National Guard, is charged with the responsibilities of guard duties at oil fields and on the border, as well as other strategic locations. This body functions like a reserve for the regular police and supports the metropolitan police whenever required (Ripley, 2010). In USA, there are several distinct types of agencies responsible for law enforcement, ranging from town police departments to federal agencies. The nature of duties also depends on the agency type, its mission, jurisdiction and size (Hodgson & Orban, 2011).
In United Arabs Emirates, the major police divisions are traffic, criminal investigation, emergency police, immigration, nationality and passports, civil defense, prisons, trials and court-martial. The CID is in charge of ordinary criminal cases; KSS (Kuwait State Security) investigates or probes security related offenses. These bodies are involved in investigating terrorism as well as those alleged to be collaborating with Iraq. In USA, there are over 17, 000 state as well as local law enforcement bodies ranging from one officer to over 30, 000 officers (Hodgson & Orban, 2011). Many of them are municipal police departments managed by local governments, although there are many categories of law enforcement bodies or agencies.
In United States of America, law enforcement agencies include the local police which comprises of municipal, tribal, as well as regional police, which get authority, or power from the local agency which created it. The main role is to provide patrol, maintain jurisdiction laws, as well as the investigation of local crimes; the state police are responsible for highway patrol as well as statewide investigations. State police also help local police with emergencies and investigations which extend beyond the jurisdictional boundaries and resources of the local organization; the special jurisdiction police are responsible for offering police services within specific entities or areas. These entail schools, parks, transportation assets, housing authorities, government buildings, and hospitals; and the deputy sheriffs’ officers are mandated to implement state law on the local county. Deputies always manage the local jails; respond to need of service within regions outside jurisdictions of the local police, and serve warrants as well as court summons (Hodgson & Orban, 2011).
In both countries, USA and UAE, the police are responsible for patrol in designated regions on foot, a radio cruiser, or a motorcycle to uphold the law and order, to implement traffic as well as parking regulations, and to discover and prevent commission of crimes. Interviews people with inquiries and complaints and try to make an appropriate disposition or guide them to appropriate authorities (Hodgson & Orban, 2011). Moreover, carrying accident investigations and offering first-aid to the injured; ensuring safeguards to avoid further accidents; interrogating witnesses and principals, recording statements from drivers and witnesses; enforcing necessary street measurements and clearing wreckage, as well as obstructions scenes.
Hodgson, J. F., & Orban, C. (2011). Public policing in the 21st century: Issues and dilemmas in the U.S. and Canada. Monsey, N.Y: Criminal Justice Press.
Ripley, T. (2010). Middle East Air Forces in the 21st Century. Havertown: Pen and Sword.