In this technologically advanced world, inequality in terms of income has been increasing. This equality determines a person’s social position i.e. whether one will belong to the category of poor or to the category of the rich. Research has shown that social and economic inequality has been increasing in such a rapid rate that people are becoming frustrated, mentally and exhausted, physically. Various policies have been introduced by different governments in order to make the society equal but this attempt has proved to be unsuccessful. In other words, no matter how much one tries, it is impossible to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor.
The unequal distribution of resources has not only led to poverty and deprivation but has also led to environmental problems such as exhaustion of natural resources and various forms of pollution. Since the resources are not distributed equally, the same sections use the available resources in such an intense manner that these resources are getting depleted. If such depletion continues to take place, it may hamper the availability of resources for the future generations. Therefore, it would not lead to sustainable development. Also, it has been found that inequality persists more in countries which are less developed. It is so because of the limited availability of resources.
Another factor leading to class inequality is unemployment or underemployment. In today’s time, most of the jobs require skilled employment and therefore, skilled employees get more paid than the unskilled workers. Moreover, many of the people are daily wage labourers and do not get work for most of the days. The factor of employment is often associated to education. People who have higher education qualification are likely to be more skilled than those who have less educational qualification. Thus, the level of education also determines the income of the people and their chances of employment.
Various measures have been suggested by researchers and other important people to reduce global inequality because it is seen as a threat not only to a few economically backward countries, but to the entire world. To ensure universal access to resources such as clean water, food and shelter is one critical strategy. Monetary and financial policies should also be introduced so that countries which are deprived can gain access to opportunities as those of the developed countries. Moreover, educational and employment opportunities should be given to the citizens, especially the youth from disadvantaged homes, in order to become independent and generate as much income as they can. It would give them a sense of hope and confidence and increase their achievement motivation. The governments in all countries, and mainly in the underdeveloped and less developed countries should constantly come up with policies and other measures which can be implemented in order to reduce class and global inequality. However, it is important for all of us to remember that only one organisation or person cannot achieve the goal of reducing inequality among countries. Collective efforts should be made irrespective of class, race, religion and ethnicity. The issue of class and global inequality has been recognised by various organisations like World Health Organisation and they are, therefore, dedicating all their attempts to reducing inequality. Many scholars have also been interested in writing and conducting research on the issues of global inequality to make people aware of the consequences of inequality on different sections of the whole world. Such articles have become very important in today’s world where no one actually has a lot of ideas and time about what has been going on in the other parts of the world.
Thus, the problem of inequality persists in all countries, whether it is in the micro level or the macro level. In order to live in peace and harmony and to have access to resources, solving the problem of inequality has become very crucial. Only then, it can be said that all the countries of the world have citizens living a meaningful life with a purpose which would, in turn, lead to widespread happiness.
Benjamin Selwyn (June 15, 2014) . Commodity Chains, Creative Destruction and Global Inequality: A Class Analysis. Retrieved from http://joeg.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/06/05/jeg.lbu014.abstract
Andy Sumner (Sept 24, 2013) . Dumb-bell or Emerging Middle? . Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/blogs/feastandfamine/2013/09/inequality-round-world
Boundless (June 27, 2014) . The Conflict Perspective: Class Conflict and Scarce Resources. Retrieved from https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/coundless-sociology-textbook/global-stratification-and-ineqaulity-8/sociological-theories-and-global-inequality-72/the-conflict-perspective-class-conflict-and-scarce-resources-422-510/
Banerjee, Abhijit V. , Duflo, Esther (June 2003) . Inequality and Growth: What Can The Data Say? . Retrieved from http://economics.mit.edu/files/753