For many years, between 1964-1974 the people of the US were awakening by imaginations, this was when people started forming the movements so that they can protest against the injustices imposed to them by the whites. The following movements were formed, The Free Speech Movement, The Anti-War Movement, The Counter-Culture Movement (Hippies in SF) and Women's Movement. Each with its objectives and methods of achieving them for instance: The Free Speech Movement
The university students to protest against the abolishment of the no-campus political activities and allow free speech formed this movement. This movement had an impact on the Berkeley campus that was essential for the moments of the civil independence. An important voter backlash was against the people who were involved in the Free Speech Movement. During this time Regan became the leader, he won the campaigns meant for clearing the mess in Berkeley. This moment was the greatest microcosm of the Free Speech movement. When Savio jumped on top of the police car, the students, approximately 10,000 of them, were sitting around that car; they went around a collection to pay for the police car. Their intention was that they, wanted to confirm that above all they were all the same as good as Americans, and fighting the liberties was just but part of their role as citizens. Just like others (Mark, 20)
The Anti-War Movement
The anti-war movement was formed in protest of the Americans from entering Vietnam in 1963; this was when a massive troop of the military of U.S entered Vietnam. This was in the form of teach-ins, were enhanced in schools such as colleges and campuses by the students, this first formed by the Democratic Society of the students. They came up with a national demonstration in Washington D.C; it was basically made up of students. In this movement, there were legal demonstrations, workers organizing, congressional meetings, electoral confrontations, civil disobedience, draft conflicts, self-immolations, and political aggression. Many peace activists went to North Vietnam. Quakers as well as other groups gave medical aid to Vietnamese inhabitants who were wounded from the war. Some G.I.s protested against the war (Mark, 12).
This was the most successful movement in U.S, the movement had a significant duty to play in constraining the war, this was the main factor in the policies of the administration, the U.S troops surrendered, and went ahead to restoration restrains the war. The movement was able to foster the issue of Watergate scandal that played an important role in stopping the war. This resulted into "Huston Plan,” which inspired Daniel Ellsberg (Mark, 23).
In order to achieve the objectives of this movement was able to get support from the liberals from the whites as well as the government. The movement had to concentrate on the local goals such as sit-ins, freedom rights, and use of boycotts. This was to bring down the whites by the blacks in terms of business, hence putting the circumstances that led to change. They were able to win over the Southern Christian Leadership Conferences (SCLC) were able to change the national objectives. Through the Anti-War movement and the power of the blacks, the method of non-violence to awake the proponents. There was retaliation so that the whites could respect the blacks. There were teaching programs that enhanced the African languages in order to increase their identity as well as the black organizations were encouraged. The movement also gave the blacks the confidence to control their own destiny (Mark, 27).
The Counter-Culture Movement (Hippies in SF)
All the movements were based on the specific goals that related to the changes in the policymaking. There was a need for the public to be able to support for the changes. Since when one wanted to change the culture is quite challenging all the hippies and punks were meant to counter culture, they refused to include mainstream customs and ethics since it was perceived to be corruptive and floating to the public. The other movements were in support to counter the culture in order to change the view of the US people on the culture of the people (Mark, 34).The Women's Movement
This movement was formed to fight against oppression because of gender and benefits of the women in terms of economic benefits and the social economic status as well as the rights to all in favor of men. This movement played an important duty in the Russian Revolution, this was triggered by the international Women’s Day demonstration, where there women who were the revolutionaries which led to the revolution in Russia. This revolution was to ensure that there is no drudgery was relieved from all women and promote equality in both working and schooling place. This was also to promote the position of women in the socialism. Nevertheless, the women felt the technical reaction when the revolution and the way of women were also changed (Mark, 23). In 1960s, the women’s movements lead to the passage of the ERA main goal of the movement. By the year 1972, other groups were able to join the Equal Rights Amendments was able to go through the House of representatives and the Senate, then it was to go through ratification.
Kitchell, Mark, Stephen Lighthill, and Veronica Selver. Berkeley in the Sixties. New York: First Run Features, 2002.