The main objective of the research incorporated in this article was essentially to present Harm Reduction Model as the most appropriate model that ought to be utilized in harm prevention services with particular focus on the adolescence. From the article, it is apparent that no technical methodology was incorporated in this research; however, many of the ideas and associate sources incorporated in this research were retrieved from the evidence based literature. No numerical analysis of data was undertaken in this study since the chief mode of data collection entailed retrieving information from secondary data.
Apparently, to ascertain the fact that all ideas incorporated in this article were relevant and confirmed, significant and important theoretical models were incorporated to uphold the applicability of the same to the target population (the adolescent population). The first theoretical model brought to light is the trans-theoretical stages of change model; this theoretical model is relevant and of the importance to the ideas presented in the article based on the fact that it presents five stages that defines a cycle that an individual must go through during growth, the five stages are pre-contemplation, action, preparation, maintenance and contemplation. Another theoretical model that was discussed in this article is the abstinence oriented model, considering that this model serve the same purpose as the Harm Reduction Model profoundly discussed in this article, it was important to mention this model as a way of embracing the effectiveness of the two. The third theoretical model discussed is the traditional prevention models, this model approach harm reduction by essentially educating the target population in this case the adolescent. Finally, harm reduction model was discussed in a wider scope since this research intended to bring it to precision and persuade that this model is the most appropriate and effective.
Ensuing the fact that this research essentially focused on scrutinizing and analysing the existing literature that pertains to non-abstinence-based perspectives in prevention services for substance using adolescents, no technical design or too much numerical data involved. Most of the numerical data incorporated in this article are percentages and actual values of a certain sample or population. No calculations and numerical analysis were undertaken.
The data used in this article is theoretical in the sense that, theories surrounding the subject matter were perceived and explained using theoretical models. Additionally, the data used can be perceived to be a combination of quantitative and qualitative data based on the notion that the literature reviewed in this article had some quantitative aspects while some of the qualities and aspects within this article were enumerated qualitatively.
Upon analysing and reviewing various literature relating to the subject matter, the results retrieved upon analysing this perspective accentuated that, the harm reduction model brings no dilemma, in actual fact, this model according to the reviews done in this article suggest that this model offers the best fit. Though this research entailed no field study, it is important to acknowledge the significance of the literature incorporated in this article. Generally, harm reduction model is well brought to light in a bigger perspective in this article, it is also well compared with other theoretical models to ascertain the fact that this model is indeed significant and best fit when conducting adolescent substance abuse prevention. With a clear comparison with other theoretical models in the article, it is ostensible that the article is indeed effective and significant.