Language and how it relates to cognition
Language entails passing of information and knowledge by use of sounds and vocabulary. Cognition on the other hand maybe used to refer to the same thing as thought, though the actual meaning is much deeper than just thought. Lexicon entails one’s vocabulary or their language. Though they are closely connected, language and cognition have distinct difference. Development of language may take place independent of cognition, though cognition has some influential aspect on the language development. Over time there have been some differences amongst scholars as to which between language and cognition is dependent to the other. Though there has not been a clear conclusion, research has been ongoing as to how the two are related.
Language has various properties. In communication, it assists one in understanding others’ thoughts. This ensures that a message is delivered in the right manner and the appropriate feedback given. A language also entails productivity. This ensures that the language is at all time growing and the number of meaningful sentences they can give at any one time is infinite. The language structure should have multiplicity. Any sensual sentence gives room for analysis at quite a good number of levels. This ensures that the language is at par with the standards of its usage. Words in a language should be able to relate to what they refer to. This enhances that sense is maintained in any given utterance. A language should culturally transmit its roots. The cultural richness gives value to a language as it relates to its place of origin. By this, people who are into a certain language may also tend to try and blend in to the culture of its users. By this languages acquire all necessities for their validation as effective and usable.
Language comprise of various processing levels. Each level plays a major role in the system of communication. These are the basic building structures of language. In their absence, language would not exist. The most basic of these levels is phoneme-phonetics. These are the sounds of speech that form building blocks for words. They must be correctly understood and remembered. Words are very vital for the processing of language. They are basically the language itself as without them there cannot be language. As the cycle of language processing proceeds, words bear sentences. Sentences basically form the third level of language processing. They result from a combination of words to bring a statement that makes sense to those using it. The process of language formation truncates at texts. These result from bringing together sentences and words. As it unveils, each level of language processing is of crucial importance as they are all inter-related and hence the absence of one affects the entire formation process.
The differences existing between language and cognition may not be distinctively distinguished as the two are very closely related. However, there are the various ways in which the two differ. We may not be able to tell as of now, which is more superior as both depend on one another in various ways. The degree of dependence tries to bring the uniqueness in either.
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