Intelligent design can be defined as an alternative way for explaining the complexity of life that we see in the natural world. It may also refer to the scientific research with an aim of finding out empirically why certain things are the way they are. For instance, the molecular machines in the cells, the digital code in DNA are all evidences of the intelligent design; this paper shall therefore coherently and comprehensively discuss various lines of intelligent designs.
It is believed that intelligent design played a great role in the origin of the universe, life and its diversity. Intelligent design is an intellectual approach by use of a scientific research program. The design aims at investigating intelligent causes thereby challenging the already put forward scientific theories that currently drive education and science. The process of intelligent design begins with observation unlike evolution. It is true that intelligent design leaps from the study of nature. Intelligent design gives an instinctive mental reaction to the observed data. The proponents of intelligent design are now busy coming up with ways to empirically and objectively test and confirm various hypotheses. For instance, they are interested in proving empirically that life and other aspects of its diversity might have been a product of intelligent cause. They do this by showing clear evidences of design. For example in the cellular cells, they prove that there are certain message-bearing systems that convey messages hence enabling the organism to communicate with the surrounding. Intelligent design also aims at ruling out the validity of the competing interest of the naturalistic hypothesis which explains about the origin of life and the universe. As explained above, there are various theories which explain about the origin of the earth. These theories are related in one way or another to intelligent design. The following paragraph shall look at the relationship between intelligent design and creation sciences.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTELLIGENT DESIGN AND CREATION SCIENCE
It is prudent to note that intelligent design is not creation science. However, they are related in one way or another. Intelligent design is a hypothesis concerning direct cause of certain past events based on intelligent observation and the analysis of the data. Apart from that, it is also crucial to note that intelligent design does not arise from any religious text neither does it seek to validate any scriptural account of origins. Intelligent proposes that life and its diversity were the products of intelligence with the power to manipulate matter and energy. Intelligent try to address the question whether life is a product of guided or unguided process and whether it a rose from the meaningless meandering of molecules in a mindless motion.
THE DETECTION OF DESIGN
Intelligent design is detectable empirically. There are various ways in which we can detect a design. However, for us to scientifically determine whether a certain object or thing was designed, then there is need to have more than intuition at our disposal. It calls for a formalised, objective and systematic approach to the question. For instance, Dembski recognised a methodology for detecting a design by use of design detection filter. The filter recognizes that there are only three explanatory causes for any event pattern. They include, chance, necessity and the design.
EVIDENCE SUPPORTING INTELLIGENT DESIGN
The evidence for intelligent design include the evidence for design and the evidence against the naturalistic theory
Apparent design; entails the appearance of design in living things. It is the evidence which we are capable of detecting with our intuition when we study the human eye. Apparent design formed the foundation of science.
Irreducible Complexity; here the explanations of the origin of life are rendered less likely in the light of observations which relates to the nature of the cellular complexity. For instance, Biochemist by the name Michael Behe argued that biological mechanism in living organisms is irreducible and complex.
Says that the living things are characterised by the presence of the vast amount of information for instance DNA. It is important to note that there are no known physical or chemical law or the process that can produce information which has semantic characteristics.
Abrupt Appearance of Fossil Phyla; evolution is based on gradual appearance of organism over a long period of years. However, the fossil records contradicts the prediction mentioned above
The Fine tuning of the Universe; many cosmologist have recognized for years that the universe appears to be fine tuned or designed. Designing is to do with the existence of precise and intricately balanced mathematical constants underlying the physical law like the force of gravity.
Statistical Studies; the mathematical analyses indicate the existence of the unimaginable improbabilities of complex biological systems that arouse by chance based on the Darwinian mechanism. Another evidence for the design is that evolution has not been physically seen to shape the Earth.
Jonathan Weiner, The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Evolution in Our Time (New York: Vintage Books, 1991.
Rael, Intelligent Design: Message from the Designers. Nova distribution: Raelian Foundation, 2006.
Jonathan Leicht, Intelligent Design. New York: Strategic Book Publishing, 2009.