Nuremberg trials are trials that were set after the Second World War. The reasons that facilitated the setting up of the trials was the fact that the war had been witnessed by individuals who had substantively contributed to the war. In this case, many people had suffered. In most instances, several deaths were witnessed within a very short period. In this instance, German town of Nuremberg was selected to be the center that was to spearhead on the trials that were to be conducted. In this regard, it is true to note that, the genesis of the occasion of the place as the site for the prosecutions was because most of the leaders had participated in the occasions that had crippled the affairs of people. On the same note, Germany was strategically selected because it was at the center of all the events that characterized the Nazi war (Tayler). In essence, many people had lost their lives, homesteads were destroyed and at the same time, Germany as a country had developed instances that had rendered it impossible for people to freely work. In this regard, the trials were set in the heat of the ending world war in the year nineteen forty five so as to immediately commence when inducing criminal charges to the leaders in this context. Among the targeted leaders was Adolf Hitler. The trials were orchestrated in such a way that they fell within the American laws as well as common law doctrines that were prevalent then. The trial was not dependent on the nationality a person.
It mattered not that a person believed to have led to the destruction of property and masterminded the commission of crimes against humanity was of a country that was not ascribed to a particular territory. All that was of elemental value was the position that, the person in question had been under the direct perpetuation in the alleged acts. As a result of the trials, it so happened that human rights were internationally recognized (Roland). Emphasis towards the realization and the applicability of the same laws was also occasioned. As a result, International objects that the center point on the protection of human rights was advocated for. In this case, International Universal Convention of Human Rights was developed. It was purposed to further defend and ensure that human beings are not under the mistreatment of leaders that impose unruly and authentic schemes of leadership at their expense. As it will be seen in the following well deliberated discussions, the trials are the pioneers to the human rights instances.
On the other hand, the trials that were occasioned in Germany made it possible for criminal law to get a feel and appreciation in the international laws context. Initially, different countries were associated to their own forms of criminal instances. However, the event took a different trajectory that regarded criminal law as a world issue that must be in the realms of international law. On the same note, the events that marked the trials in Germany resulted to a boost in the knowledge ability and prowess in whichever the fields that the officials were concerned. At the same time, lawyers, judges, prosecutors and other court officials developed on their mandates as a consequence of the impact of the trials. International law is concerned with the aspects of center staging on litigation that concern countries that have subscribed to the international Law Charter. Once a county has ratified its membership alongside the principles that guide international law, it is subject to the actions of Lawyers, Prosecutors and Judges who function in the International courts as provided for by their mandates. In as far as these figures are concerned; the Nuremberg trials made them develop and have their services improve in the following ways (Tusa).
Attorney and Lawyers were relevant in the cases that centered on warlords such as Adolf Hitler. Even though his case never came to pass since he committed suicide before he went through the provided for channels and processes that were under his rebuttal, his mates in the same scale were forced and required by the prevailing circumstances to hire attorneys to represent their interests. In this case, Lawyers who were well vast in aspects that concern International Law were hired by the respective parties so as to deliberate on the issues that revolved around them. In this case, the Nuremberg trials required the Lawyers to adhere to certain entailments in law. However, the case does not only take that angle; new instances were also incorporated into the process so as to adequately deliberate on the issues at hand. As a matter of cogency, the development instances because new crimes such as crimes against humanity, crimes against public destabilization and at the same time, crimes against massive destruction of property were also advocated for (Gaiba). In as far as the newly incorporatedcrimeswere concerned; the schemes of procedure were also developed upon. In a nutshell, international law developed significantly. It should, however, be regarded that, the developments were as a result of the trials.
The role of Judges was influenced by the Nuremberg Trials. It should be acknowledged that the trials marked a break off point from the fact that, in some of the countries whose leaders were taken in the full arms of the system, the leaders were under the immunity against all criminal charges in as far their individual constitutions were concerned. However the case, the role of Judges also diversified in the same way. Judges though working under the guidance of International Law, they were under the position to come up with procedures of dealing with the matters at hand. In the cases, new forms of evidence were allowed to take the course of the court process that facilitated these activities. In the admission and rejection of evidence, the Judges improved in their vast application of instances such as the rule of law. In the light of the guiding principles that are responsible for the activities that purpose to develop the legal profession, it is true to say that, the mere indulgence in the cases that center staged to prosecute the twelve individuals who were believed to have been behind the rather uncalled for events was a step up for the judges. Their experience was significantly improved. At the same time, their levels in as far as the legal terms and guiding principles were well increased. In the judgments issued by the Judges that in this case were death penalties, it follows that, in the past, Judges had not been on the front that advocated for issuing of such punishments. The concept of Judges received an overwhelming support due to the events that had characterized the Nuremberg trials (Primel).
On the other hand, prosecutor's roles have received intensive development due to the trials that marked events that followed the Nazi war. Prosecutors are individuals whose role is to ensure that justice is realized and adhered to. In such cases, prosecutors soldiers to dig deeper into the issues that surround the cases at hand. In the case of the prosecutors that represented aspects of legality in the trials that led to the conviction of the accused individuals of charges that were along the instances of the death penalty, prosecutors gained experience and knowledge. The experience was from the fact that they were expected to deliberate upon issues that were oriented along death charges and on these regards, individuals under the main by the law were leaders.
International human rights regime was developed as a result of the events that followed after the leaders that were under the direct influence of the horrific events that engulfed the human race in Germany and its allied states were conducted (Mann). Due to the fact that the people indicted and convicted were great leaders with massive influence, ordinary people received signals that associated themselves to fight for more rights. As a matter of reality, Adolf Hitler, who led the destruction and discrimination in Germany, exercised things that were not believable before people. The generalization comes from the fact that he committed suicide for the fear of what was before him. In this regard, people started viewing themselves as equal to tasks. Aspects of superiority lost the grip that they had entrenched themselves in. Similarly, the development of a scheme that further solicited for the development of human rights was because, the chief idea that was behind the trials was on the issue that regarded human rights. The criminals were convicted of crimes against humanity. In this case, crimes against humanity were along the emblements of murder, manslaughter, human trafficking, rape and inhuman treatments (Kochavi).
It is reasonable to state that, the crimes were along the parameters that protected human rights. As a consequence of these events, precedence was developed. From the fact that the cases were conducted in the most cherished courts of competent jurisdiction. Many cases on the realms of protection of human rights were brought in phase. The end effect was that a series of the cases was developed. On the same note, the development of universal Declaration of Human rights Charter was manifested as a result of the cases. The advent of the declaration was supported by the idea that, movements were formed by various groups that came in phase so as to deliberate on the issues that affected people. In the declaration, the following rights were advocated for; right to life. The idea that the Nazi instance had culminated to many deaths came to the attention of people that, lives of human beings were at stakes. It measures was not adequately provided; it was eminent that the violations would continue to manifest themselves to no end. The charter purposed to ensure that human rights were strongly guarded. In this regard, the human rights were legally protected.
The relationship between International criminal Law and International Law can be traced back to the events that characterized Nuremberg Trials. Criminal Law is guided by the presence or absence of the Actus Reus and Mens Rea. In this case, the convictions were along the proof that, an act was committed. In this case, the commission of the inhuman acts was not dependent on the position that a person under the effects of the actions of the court was the same person who engaged in the actual aspects that centered on the offence. All that was of relevance was the masterminding effects of the individuals. On the same, not the mental position of the suspects was the overriding feature in this case. The intentions of the parties were ascertained. It should be established the above phenomenon center stages in international Criminal Law. On the other hand, International Law deals with issues that revolve around civil and criminal instances. International Criminal Law is, therefore, an element of international law. It functions in a manner that purposes to protect the affairs of the people. The events that were envisioned in Germany when the criminal Trials were occasioned represented this feature.
In summary, Nuremberg trials marked a significant instance that resulted to changes that are observed in our world today. The changes are along the issue on human rights and the developments that characterized the legal process. The development of Universal Declaration of Human Rights was another key feature of the aftermath of the trials. The legal field in terms of Lawyers, Judges, Prosecutors and all forms of legal personnel received a massive development in terms of their experience, way of conducting their mandate and an opportunity that made it possible for them to learn new things.
Gaiba, Franches. The Origins of Simultaneous Interpretation: The Nuremberg Trial. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2009.
Kochavi, Ariel. Prelude to Nuremberg: Allied War Crimes Policy and the Question of Punishment. New York: Univ of North Carolina Press, 2011.
Mann, Abby. Judgment at Nuremberg. Florida: New Directions Publishers, 2013.
Primel, Kenn. Reassessing The Nuremberg Military Tribunals: Transitional Justice, Trial Narratives, and Historiography. Dresden: Berghahn Books, 2010.
Roland, Paul. The Nuremberg Trials: The Nazis and Their Crimes Against Humanity. New York: Arcturus Publishing, 2012.
Tayler, Telford. The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials: A Personal Memoir. Chicago: Skyhorse Publishing Company, 2013.
Tusa, Anne. The Nuremberg Trial. Washington: Skyhorse Publishing Company, 2010.