Terrorist is a national issue, and every country should have great mechanism of dealing with this issue that is threatening the security of many nations. Various studies have recommended changes in various approaches used to respond to terrorism. Terrorism threat has generated debates concerning the organizational aspect of the problem. They have focused on organizational structure, intelligent, collection and budgetary priorities. Various studies have suggested a bigger role to the military in combating terrorism while others call for a new structure which will fight terrorism.
How to develop counter-terrorism plan
The United States safeguard their core values. They stand for equity, dignity, hope, freedom and opportunity for all, despite the injustices offered by terrorists. The power of those values builds a broad coalition against the common threat posed by terrorists. The respect for the rights of human rights, respecting the right of privacy, encouraging responsive governance and balancing security and transparency help in countering terrorism attacks (Cohen, 1972).
Building Security Partnerships
One state cannot possibly eliminate terrorist organizations that threaten security and safety. State must join with key partners so that they can share the burdens of common security.
Applying CT Tools and Capabilities Appropriately
The state must evaluate the tool they use to ensure that their efforts are appropriate and that they match with values, law and long-term strategic objective. Authorities of every department and agency should ensure appropriate tools are used at the appropriate time.
Building a Culture of Resilience
In order to counter terrorism attack, the state ought to create a culture of preparedness and resilience. The culture will help the state to respond successfully from any acts of terror directed to the nation.
Counter-Terrorism Control Centre
The counter-terrorism center identifies intelligence needs, manages government counter-terrorism priorities and makes sure that the process of collecting and distributing counter-terrorism is harmonized fully. Commonwealth agencies evaluate and integrate counter-terrorism intelligence. The intelligent community gathers intelligence and pursues investigation (Hoffman, 1992).
The National Threat Assessment Centre assesses the likelihood and the nature of terrorism, violence and protest. This assessment supports agencies and jurisdiction to make decisions on risk management, how to respond to the threat and to mitigate risks (Hoffman, 1992).
Prevention of terrorism entails using various methodologies in order to identify suspects and activities of terrorism. Police carry out investigative capabilities to prevent terrorism activity and to gather evidence that is used in prosecutions for terrorism-related offences.
Police Commissioners and the heads of intelligence agencies create a framework for the strategic management of counter-terrorism.
Government ensures that the profiles of all non-citizens seeking entry to the state are checked they also monitor the entry of and exit of aircraft, goods, vessels and people to curb terror activities.
The Office of Transport Security regulates the provision of security measures by maritime, private operators in the aviation and air freight sectors to curb the threats from unlawful acts of terrorism. It coordinates transport security policy and provides advice on the effects of security developments on the transport industry. The regulations entail security programs at designated airlines and airports. They provide industry with information that can pose a threat to transport security in order to guide in risk management and security plans (Hoffman, 1992).
Participants in developing plans to counter terror attacks
Commonwealth Government, State and Territory agencies should participate in developing plans to counter- terrorism attacks. They have a responsibility to ensure that right standards for transmission, handling and storage of security classified materials and secure information.
The State and Territory Governments: They have a responsibility of operational response to the incidents of terrorism. They maintain policies related to counter-terrorism, plan and legislation in their jurisdiction (Crenshaw1992).
Police Commissioners and the heads of intelligence agencies should also be involved since they will provide framework for strategic management of counter-terrorism operations
United Nations should also participate so that they can create a forum for victim’s voice through dialogue between government and international leadership. The communication between the victims to victim, victim to government and government to government will help counter terrorist recruitment and criminal activities (Crenshaw, 1992).
Roadblocks to planning counter-terrorism plans include;
Financing of Terrorism
Prevention of the financing terrorist is an important decision so as to deny terrorist the means to commit crimes. However, this implementation set new burden to the banks and financial professions. The existence of anti -money- laundering will help to curb the financing of terrorism. However, the ant-money-laundering has failed in taking into account transfers of money aimed to fund terrorism. The fight to curb financing of terrorism includes anti -money-laundering and specific measures to address the nature of this problem. Lack of transparency on international financial transaction pose a high threat to the effort made to prevent financing of terrorism (Cohen, 1972).
Competence of the courts
The state has a role to prosecute and try those who are responsible for the terrorism acts. Such measures are put to ensure terrorist will not have a place of refuge. However, some states have been reluctant in creating such mechanisms in their legislation. As a result, ratification of anti-terrorist conventions has been used as a method to accomplish the goal of resolution, to create international cooperation network for mutual assistance. Mutual laws of national assistant in criminal matters will help in creating an international network for social cooperation in all states (Hoffman, 1992).
Ratification without Enforcement Measures
In order to broaden anti-terror activities, it is important to ratify international anti-terrorist conventions. However, reports show that many countries ratify conventions without adopting internal enforcement measures. Without these measures, convention has no practical effects.
Links between terrorism and organized crime
Organized crime and terrorism have similar effects. Studies indicate that trafficking done by organized crime is often aiming at financing terrorist. Monitoring of transactions which involve variable metals, weapons and dangerous materials should be given high priority in dialogue between states (Crenshaw, 1992).
Cohen, S. (1972). Folk devils and moral panics: The creation of the mods and rockers.
Crenshaw, M. (1992). Current research on terrorism: The academic perspective. Studies in
Conflict and Terrorism, 15(1), 1-11.
Hoffman, B. (1992). Current research on terrorism and low-intensity conflict; Studies in
Conflict and Terrorism, 15, 25-37.