The museum of man is an enriching resource center to help people understand where man came from, how long he has been on earth and his general history. It is interesting to learn that present man was originally primitive and ape like in nature. The evolution of man reveals his ancestry across various periods form an apelike nature to Homo sapiens or modern man. This evolution covers all factors of man’s life including his lifestyle, language factors, genetic and archeological development (20). Primates have similar physical traits that classify them uniquely among the four legged creatures. First man had short canine teeth and was believed to be eating meat and vegetable varieties. This is explained in the Ramepithicus discoveries of incomplete fossils. Unlike apes, man has a straight posture which has developed over time. His brain has also continued to grow revealing a genetic evolution. Man has been in existence for close to 100 million years as revealed by the Paleolithic fossils defined at the museum. The earliest man walking on twos is the Homo habilis followed by the Homo erectus or erect man. The physical development of man is demonstrated with a continuous development in his posture. This is called the morphological physiology development and it is complimented by the behavioral factors showing how man moved, spoke and acted as a result of posture changes (35). These elements distinguish him from chimpanzees and apes. For instance mans revolution means an improved mode of thinking, walking on bi-pedal’s and ontogeny. Man has a better grip on things and his sexual dimorphism is longer than the primates in his class.
First discoveries of early man have been made in Africa with further discoveries in Asia and Europe featuring fossils of over 2 million years ago. East Africa is particularly home to significant discoveries of early man fossils like the Australopithecus aphaeresis. Modern man is closely linked to the Homo sapiens family of about 300000 years ago. These have similar cultural, behavioral, and language traits. Fossil findings from Africa show the Bushmen factors show how man struggled to survive in the wilderness through mechanisms of hunting and family life (70).
The extinct Australopithecus man has a different set of teeth, face structures and shape. His features are similar to man and apes but is predominantly human. This features in the discoveries made in South African caves. The discovery of man show cases discoveries of ancient remains of complete and incomplete skeletons. Some of the anthropologists based their findings from teeth fossils, skulls and joint bones. From the discoveries, scientists understood how man created the first fire, stone tools and agricultural tools. Modern man or Neanderthalers who lived were perceived to have lived longer at over 100 years as their fossils reveal.
Therefore archaic man lived in a simpler society with fewer responsibilities. In time a peasant society emerged which changed man’s lifestyle and he began living in a community with a farming mechanism (22). The settlement patterns also brought about changes in the social political and eventually the economic life of man. As a result man started having families and domestication of animals within his settlements. This was followed by a village plan and consequently the clans and overall community. Such changes explain the evolution of mans political nature because an organized community required some structural framework to bring law and order (72). The Asephalaous groups of South America reveal how the domestication of man came about. From the evolution theory, mans food, mode of transport, housing and clothing is understood. As he developed towards modern man, he devices ways to manufacture things and engage in trade as revealed in the industrial age (367). This is the progressive development of man in a museum’s point of view.
Earl Timothy and Johnson Allen, The evolution of Human Societies: From Foregaing Group to Agrarian State. Stanford University Press. 2000. pp 20-370