In the eastern North Africa, known as Egypt, there was an ancient civilization that started developing around 3150 BC and slowly united the Upper and Lower Egypt under the first (Pharoah) Ruler, this civilization was very unique from cultural and social point of view and developed great skills related to mathematics, architecture, medicines and agricultural production. (James, 2000)
Lets look at some interesting examples of great art work from Egypt during ancient period, the first one is a world famous “Pyramid of Khufu” , built in the fourth dynasty , these fantastic prism shaped architectures involved great mathematical sense and used superimposed layers, the development involved fixed multiple stone blocks of average 2.5 tons in great numbers (as many as 2,300,000 of them). As far as the dimentions are concerned, we can imagine the greatness with the fact that Khufu covers almost 13 acres (base), it is 756 feet in square and 481 feet tall. The angle of inclination of the triangle is about 51.5 degrees. (Matthews)
Secondly, moving a little ahead in history, around 203 BCE, Rosetta Stone which is basically a granite stone slab which is 3 ft 9 in x 2 ft 4 in x 11 in dimensions; this stone is a great icon of decipherment and is thought to be carved using three scripts, cursive ancient egyptian, hieroglyphic and egyptian demotic .
It is believed that it was carved under the guidance of egyptian priests, and the same denoted commemorate of the Ptolemy V Epiphanes, he was the king of Egypt and ruled during 203-181 BCE.
Delahunt, M. (1996, May 24). Egyptian Art. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from Artlex.com: http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/e/egyptian.html
James, A. P. (2000). An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Matthews, K. (n.d.). Great Pyramid of Khufu. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from GreatBuildings.com: http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Great_Pyramid.html