Rights may be legal, societal, or moral codes of autonomy or entitlement; therefore, rights are the elementary normative laws concerning what is allowable for individuals or owed to individuals, consistent with some legal scheme, social conference, or ethical premise. Rights are of indispensable significance in such orders as law and ethics, particularly premises of deontology and justice. There are two types of rights, which are usually confused; however, they are different in application. They include moral rights and legal rights (Ayn, 2009).
Moral rights are examples of rights that are derivative from nature. These are known to be universal as in they are applicable to all individuals, and are derived from any explicit societal law. They exist inevitably, inhere in each person, and cannot be removed, For instance, it has been disputed that individuals have a natural right to life.
In contrast, Legal rights are rooted in a civilization’s traditions, laws, decrees or deeds by administrations. An instance of a legal right is the right to vote. Citizenship, itself, is habitually believed as the foundation for possessing legal rights, and has been described as the right to have rights. Legal rights are at times described as civil rights or constitutional rights and are ethnically and politically relative because they rely on an explicit communal background to have significance (Ayn, 2009).
As described above, Moral rights are rights provided to in order to protect both their reputation and the integrity of an individual. It is an entitlement to be treated in a certain way. The issue of fundamental rights is broad and diverse. Therefore, there are some universally accepted rights, which are found in every community regardless of race, religion, and creed. These include the right to own property and respect for ones property and the right of life or right to survive. In every society, these moral rights exist.
Ayn, R., (2009), “The Virtue of Selfishness: Individual Rights”. The Ayn Rand Lexicon http://aynrandlexicon.com/lexicon/individual_rights.html.