With the current technology, there are many ways to save lives. However, the methods have brought controversies on how right or wrong the application of the methods is. In the medical field, lives have to be saved daily while other lives are lost daily. Some actions are taken to help save lives while others are to fasten the death of the dying patients. There are several factors that must be considered before applying the methods and consultations have to be made with different sources.
With the current technology, it has been possible to perform organ transplants. Body parts are taken from an individual, and an ailing person is rewarded with the body parts. Examples are the heart and kidney transplants. When a kidney fails in a person’s body, a match is found from another person. The health person then donates one of their kidneys to the patient. In other cases, using modern technology and machines, dialysis is done to help patients with malfunctioning kidneys. Life support machines are also used to people who are especially in a comma to help their failed or malfunctioning body organs.
Physician’s decision: the primary role of the physician is to save lives. Since the modern technology has helped to saving lives, the physician is therefore supposed to explain to the family and patient the effects and consequences of carrying out the process. Once the family and patients consent, they can then continue with the process involved. In the cases of emergencies, the physician should try their best to save the patient’s life. This may involve blood transfusion. The physician will then explain the actions later. The family and patient will be grateful for the saved life. The physician just has to ensure that their actions are legal.
Patient and family view: some people don't believe in seeking medical services. It, therefore, makes it more difficult to access services such as organ transplants and blood transfusions. Whatever should be done is to be done with the consent of both the patient and the family. The patients and families are, therefore, to understand what the processes involve. If they don't agree for selfish reasons or illegal reasons, the hospitals or physicians can sue them. However, it is preferable to make them acknowledge and let them do whatever they have to do at their free will.
Abortion has been illegal for so long. However, some situations have been legalized such as the medical abortion, where a pregnancy may be terminated when a mother’s, a child’s or both healthy' is at risk. This has been considered legal in many areas since it is done with an intention of saving a life. Abortion has been applied in various other situations, but in this sector, it has been more embraced. The expectant mother is examined using different methods including the scans. From the examinations, the doctors then make a ruling that there is a high chance of the mother losing her life and maybe that of the baby during delivery.
Immanuel Kant and ethics: from the theory, an action is right or wrong depending on the consequences. If the consequences bring happiness, the actions are right. However, if the actions don't result in happiness, the action is wrong. With the abortion, it doesn't bring joy to a mother since they have lost a baby, but it saves the life of the mother. It is, therefore, the right thing to do since it saves the life of a mother rather than losing the lives of both the mother and the child.
The principle of need: the major moral principle involved is taking away life. Killing of an unborn child is taking away life. Deciding to terminate the pregnancy is taking a role in deciding who dies and who remains. It is not also possible to know what would have happened if the baby was carried to term. The doctor's ruling is that there is a higher chance of a mother losing the baby. The question is then what if the lower chance of the mother carrying the baby to term would have both the mother and the child survive. The problem, however, is that letting the mother keep the baby may put the mother on permanent health problems as well as losing the baby. It is, therefore, important to save the mother's life.
Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide
This involves ending a person's life due to pity. It is commonly referred to as mercy killing. It is down when a patient is in so much. In most cases, the illness is terminal. The doctors and the patient's family watch as the patient suffers from pain yet there is no hope or way to end the pain. The doctors, with the family's consent, can give the patient a drug that kills them slowly or instantly with no pain. The doctors can also stop administering the drugs to the patient and let them die slowly. In other cases, the patient is exposed to an environment that speeds up the illness thus killing them. In the case of the life support machine, the machine is just switched off, and the patient is left to die.
Biblical/ religious views: in the Bible, God is the giver of life. The decision regarding who should die or who to live solely dependent on God, and it is therefore not the doctor's, family's or patient's decision on when or how a patient is to die. Christians believe in miracles where God heals the sick. Patients should not be killed. God can heal the terminal illnesses. The patients need only to have faith to get their healing. A miracle may just happen at the verge of breaking up. It is important to wait therefore and see God's will in the individual's life.
Patient and family view: after going through much pain and suffering, a patient may request the doctors or family to let them go and have the “killed”. The patients may also voluntarily choose quit using their drugs. The patient’s family may also see the pain their loved one has to go through. The problem is especially worse when the illness is terminal. There is decimal hope for the patient to recover. The family weighs the options and lets the loved one die. Regarding other cases, the relatives of the loved one may have run out of finances. There is still no hope of recovery for the loved one. They sometimes choose to let go of the patient, to end their suffering, which would have happened sooner or later, as well as to prevent incurring more debts.
When a loved one is sick, we can do anything to save their life. As such, it is crucial to weigh the pros and cons of the different methods we can use before settling on one. We should be ready to take the consequences of our actions as well. In life, we also have to let go of some things, which is very difficult especially when it involves letting go of a loved. Again, the pros and cons the methods used to letting go have to be weighed. Arguably, people are squarely responsible for the consequences of letting go. In some cases, such as with euthanasia and assisted suicide, we may have to live with the guilt of having let go at a particular time.
Morrison, Eileen E. Ethics in Health Administration: A Practical Approach for Decision Makers. 2nd ed. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2008.
Munson, Ronald. Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Medical Ethics. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Pub., 2014.
Sullivan, Roger J. Immanuel Kant's Moral Theory. Cambridge [England: Cambridge University Press, 1989.