Review of Literature
Technology influences all aspects humanity including education. Adaption of technology has brought about changes in the education sector and has had a positive impact on the reading and comprehension skills of students. Changes brought by technological advancement and The Florida Comprehensive Achievement Test (FCAT) has embraced technology and the performance of students between grade 3 and 11 has improved considerably.
The first literature review tests the predictive Validity of FCAT in third grade reading scores. In efforts to meet the global competitiveness by setting the best standards the law makers in Florida have noted the importance of adaption of technology in the classroom that will replace the traditional teaching practices. According to O’Connor (2013), “The following year lawmakers have required schools to deliver half of their lessons digitally, using iPads, Kindles or other devices. Supporters say digital curriculum and textbooks are more interactive and can be updated more easily”. The article by O’Connor reflects the predictive validity of the relationship of the FCAT in reference to the performance of third grade reading scores when technology is embraced. Since most of the American students are using technologically enabled devices those in grade three should therefore not be discriminated against. More so, researches have proven that employment of technologically enabled teaching methods has improved the students’ performance and improved discipline too.
The second literature review tests content validity of FCAT in third grade reading scores. An independent research by Noeth and Volkov (2004) revealed that technology plays a key role in enhancing the performance and learning experience across all the levels of education (k-12) irrespective of the racial, ethnic, religious or gender divide. Evidence based strategies should be employed when integrating technology into the education system to guarantee optimal reading results for third grade students notwithstanding their age and gender.
The second literature review tests construct validity of FCAT in third grade reading scores. Although technology brings has many positive impacts on the education sector, its effectiveness in disseminating education goals needs to be evaluated critically to ensure that students perform well in a good education environment (Martindale, et al, 2006). It is imperative to ensure that the integrity of the education system in administration of the Florida Comprehensive Achievement Test third grade reading scores.
Martindale, T., Pearson C., Curda L. K., and Pilcher, J. (2005).Effects of an Online Instructional Application on Reading And Mathematics Standardized Test Scores.Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 37 (4), 349-360.
Noeth R. J. & Volkov, B. B. (2004). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Technology in Our Schools. ACT POLICY REPORT. Retrieved on 25 November 2013, from http://www.act.org/research/policymakers/pdf/school_tech.pdf.
O'CONNOR,J. (MARCH 5, 2013). Five Education Issues To Watch During The 2013 Florida Legislative Session. Retrieved on 25 November 2013, from http://stateimpact.npr.org/florida/2013/03/05/five-education-issues-to-watch-during-the-2013-florida-legislative-session/