General Purpose: To persuade
Specific Purpose: To persuade my classmates studying abroad has many negative effects.
Organizational Pattern: Problem-Solution
I. Attention Getting Device (Narrative): I received a call in the middle of the night from my cousin the last week. She was in tears and was in need of help. Staying away from home, in a milieu that is totally alien to her has taken a huge toll on her. She wanted to leave her studies in the midway in come back. I tried to console her, but all went in vain.
II. Adaptation (Relating topic to audience): The attraction of studying abroad is much like judging a book by its cover. Studying abroad has many ill effects and the student bear with the brunt of it.
III. Credibility (Speaker’s qualifications/expertise): After an extensive research, I have come to conclude that going abroad for studying brings about more negative effects than good ones. Just a scholarship should not be the reason for leaving everything behind and travel to a foreign country for studying.
IV. Thesis (Transitional Preview): I believe many are quite skeptical about what I am trying to say. However, I humbly request all of you to have an open mind and listen to the problems which come with studying abroad. I wish to give you a holistic perspective of the matter.
I. Studying abroad can be very taxing on the pocket, in spite of being granted a scholarship.
A. Staying abroad is very expensive and the money of the scholarship might not be enough for sustenance. The student has to pay for food and lodging, apart from the expenses of studying and conveyance. This is quite onerous a thing for many.
B. It has to be remembered that most of the countries do not allow the foreign students to work. This means that there is no chance of earning an extra buck to satiate all the needs of expenditure.
C. It might be so that a student runs out of money before the month ends. There is hardly any provision for taking a loan. Moreover, due to economic stringency, the person cannot even think of spending a lavish life or visit home often as that would incur more expenditure.
Transition: The economic side is not all that can be called an impediment. A through discussion would elucidate the matter.
II. Adjusting with the customs and traditions of the country is a major issue for the students who travel abroad for studying.
A. The student finds himself or herself in a new environment where he or she needs to adapt. This is quite tough at times as the student has been indoctrinated with the culture of a different community from childhood. All of a sudden, the student finds himself or herself to be amidst such a scenario where everything seems to be alien.
B. The barrier of language is a major shortcoming on the part of the foreign student. If he or she fails to comprehend the customs and dominant traditions, then there is a high chance of being ostracized by the native community.
C. Many students can get affected by the ‘culture shock’. The student would initially be all alone devoid of any friends and family. He or she cannot remain secluded in the fear of being unable to cope with the cultural changes.
Transition: This is not all. Another major issue might haunt the student when he or she visits a foreign country for studying.
III. The country where the student has travelled to has to be amiable enough to entertain and embrace a person who does not belong to the native land.
A. It is often a case of concern that the country of studying is very biased about race and ethnicity. The people of the country might not be fine with accepting people from outside coming and staying in their community, owing to the cultural difference and racial difference.
B. There might be a feeling among the indigenous people that a foreigner is coming and studying there, only to impede the prospect of education of a native. They might feel that they have the sole right of enjoying the facilities which are provided by the educational institution.
C. There have been cases of racial discrimination which has led to violence (in Australia, for example) where the foreign students have tolerated the brunt of the natives. People have been put to death and tortured. It is mostly a helpless scenario for the foreign students as they find themselves to be the minority and are at the mercy of the hegemony of the native people of the country.
Transition: Thus, the impediments of studying abroad are many and require to be taken into consideration.
I. Transitional Summary (Summary of Problem/Solution): One needs to understand that the primary ambition of education is to make life easy and establish the students in life. So, there is no point in embracing impediments and jeopardy, when the national structure of educational institutions is sufficient enough to impart education among the aspiring students.
II. Concluding Device (Closing Statement – Speaker references attention getting narrative to try to “challenge” the audience to think further about the topic): I do not wish to urge upon all of you to have a bias against studying abroad. But, I aim to make you think again and alter your perspective, if you feel so. Have a holistic view of the matter and tread on the path of a better educational career.
“Disadvantages of Studying Abroad.” Ball State University. Web. 29 June 2014.
M., Marie. “Study Abroad.” MariaAbroad. Web. 29 June 2014.
“Studying Abroad: Positive and Negative Sides.” Web. 29 June 2014.
“The Unseen Effects of Study Abroad.” The Chronicle. 30 September 2013. Web. 29 June 2014.
Quigley, Robert. “The Dark Side of Studying Abroad -- and How to Address It.” HuffingtonPost.
11 March 2013. Web. 29 June 2014. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/robert-quigley-md-