Biodiversity is the range variation among microorganisms, animals and plants. Biodiversity enhances the quality way of living that is not easy to quantify. The human beings depend on the biodiversity for food; forestry and agriculture, shelter and warmth; use of forest products and fibers, medicines; synthesized and tradition medicines. Besides of biological resources biodiversity also supplies indirect services to human beings such as clean air, water, and fertile soil.
The ecological and its normal function is disrupted and distraught when the ecosystem losses its population, or group of species. The distribution and functioning of ecosystem is highly affected by the human land use and its influence on the land cover, therefore influencing the delivery of ecosystem services (Duerksen, & Snyder, 2005). The relationship between biodiversity and land use are essential since there the link between environment and the people. Particular patterns of biodiversity are sustained by specific land use and land management practices.
The impact on different constituents of biodiversity can be greatly changed by the quality and spatial configuration of different aspects of land use. Land cover and land use will be distinguished by the relationship between social drivers and the economics of land use change. To reduce the impacts of the land use changes that are threatening ecosystem and the biodiversity a better spatial planning must be effective. Land use consists of reforms and management of natural environment and the activities that human carry out in land cover. Space and soil are required for native wildlife and the plants.
A great factor in carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere is change in land use, thus becoming a contributor to climate change. Conversations of forest into agricultural lands result in increase of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere (Cervigni, 2001). For conservation of the plant, animal and the soil in diversity there is need for conserving the forests too, to control the emission of carbon from the fossil fuel combustion.
On the other hand human being alternate landscapes from natural to any other typical use bring about degradation, fragmentation and habitat loss. In total, all these bring about effects on biodiversity. Extinction of terrestrial species is caused by and conversion. An example is extinction of African wild dogs.
The effects of wildlife habitat being affected is by the extent and type of land use and thereby the impact affect local and globally. Thus some of the human activities must be stopped before the situation worsen this include deforestation, where logging and cutting down of trees illegally is practiced (Wood, & Porro, 2002).
The life support system in the planet of human is the biodiversity, although there threats to biodiversity this include; the over-exploitation of population or species lead to it extinction. Due to human activities habitat loss and destruction also play a major role. Alteration in ecosystem composition is another threat. Due to high industrialization there have been increases in emission which had led to global climatic change which alter environment conditions. Finally, there is threat of introduction of the exotic species to the biodiversity. This may feed on other organisms thus increasing competition even in mating or bringing infection, which alter the entire the ecosystems and effect to population of native animals and plant. Biodiversity must be preserve for every scrap as priceless then we will discover and learn how to use the biodiversity and come to understand meaning of humanity.
Cervigni, R. (2001). Biodiversity in the balance: Land use, national development, and global welfare. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Dieterich, M., & Straaten, J. (2004). Cultural landscapes and land use: The nature conservation-society interface. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
Duerksen, C. J., & Snyder, C. (2005). Nature-friendly communities: Habitat protection and land use. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Trisurat, Y., Shrestha, R. P., & Alkemade, R. (2011). Land use, climate change and biodiversity modeling: Perspectives and applications. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
Wood, C. H., & Porro, R. (2002). Deforestation and land use in the Amazon. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.