Public health is a diverse field that keeps on growing with new discoveries emerging each day. It covers a wide scope of educational fields. The fields include biology, education, business or anything related to health issues. The professionals involved in public health fields support the safety and health of the community (Johnson, 2006). Their contribution to the community is extremely rewarding and of great importance to the society.
Public health involves a wide range of skills in science that dealing with environmental health. The public health administration in this line incorporates management skills and business skills. The skills are essential for the development of prevention programs in the wider community. It requires a health policy that includes the law making process. The law making process is essential for a clear implementation process that considers all the parties and anything that affects them.
In environmental health, it is essential to distinguish between the public health and clinical health. Public health deals with the human population and health issues that affects or relates to the society. The issues that relate to human health includes the prevention measures to the human related diseases and health promotions. The prevention measures involve preventable diseases and research works in line to realize new discoveries that may help cub diseases that affect human populations.
Clinical health deals with individuals in the society. It gets down to the diseases and how they affect and react differently in different human body structures. How to tackle the diseases and solve their effects on the human body. The career involves diagnosis and treatment of all available diseases that affects human life.
Presently, the public health career has been more exciting due to divergent developments in the field which requires numerous research work (Betty, 2011). The involvement of organizations with huge support and sponsorship in the research field makes it more lucrative. Experts agree that more advances have been made in the improvement of health in the last decades. Broader development and application of population-based prevention programs helps in new findings or cures.
There are rapid changes taking place in the health service delivery system. The changes have created a broad array of opportunities for professionals for advance training in public health. The public has become better informed about the effects of pollutants and toxic wastes on human health (Turnock, 2006). The safety of the community and workers health and safety are of greater emphasis to the community. This creates growing demand fro experts in industrial hygiene and environmental health. Research in public health focuses more on child and substance abuse, women’s health and more emphasis on behavioral change to prevent the risks of most infectious diseases. This disease includes STDs, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and unplanned pregnancies. School health and health of the minority are of more emphasis (Turnock, 2009). The disadvantages of populations that relates to public health is also considered as priority.
Among the public health careers, the top most paying jobs include reproductive health specialists, community health worker, public health nurse, nutritionist, environment health technicians and public health inspector among others. The jobs need limited education on the line and in the process of practical practicing one grows in experience of duty and quality service delivery is met. Some careers that require an educational bachelors degree for duty are a public health engineer, industrial hygienist, federal or state environmentalist and health communication specialist among others.
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