The federal, provincial and municipal governments are the levels of government present in Alberta. The provincial and federal governments are elected through a representative democracy whereas; the municipal governments are elected through councilors who are led by a mayor (Jailly, Emmanuel, and John F. Martin 11). All levels of government have their own roles and responsibilities.
Among the duties of the federal government include; trade, post office and census. These roles have been assigned to the federal level of government because it has authority over the areas that affect the whole country at large. Some of these areas include; regulation of international and interprovincial trade, the census, railways, patents and copyrights. It is the obligation of the federal government to ensure that there is equality in terms of payments in all the provinces. The authorities granted to the federal government enable the government to carry out its duties, which are responsible for the whole country (Dewing, Michael, and Corinne 22).
The matters concerning education, health and highways are granted to the provincial government. Lack of senate in the provincial government makes the difference between the federal and the provincial government. The lieutenant, Governor Alberta’s, who is representative of the queen, approves legislation. Each of the ten provinces in Canada has its own legislature, which is responsible for the duties as per the 1867 constitutional act (Barnett, Laura, and Julia Nicol 47).
The municipal government is responsible for the administration of a town, village, city, region or district (Jailly, Emmanuel, and John F. Martin 13). The duties of the municipal government of Canada include; water, sewage, and waste collection. These duties have been assigned to the municipal government because the government is closely linked to the towns and cities in the country. The importance in this is that the government will have the capability to implement all its duties fully.
Dewing, Michael, and Corinne McDonald.International deployment of Canadian Forces Parliament's role. Rev. 18 May 2006. ed. Ottawa: Parliamentary Information and Research Service, 2006. Print.
Jailly, Emmanuel, and John F. Martin.Local government in a global world: Australia and Canada in comparative perspective. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010. Print.
Barnett, Laura, and Julia Nicol.Prostitution in Canada international obligations, federal law, and provincial and municipal jurisdiction. Rev. 30 Apr. 2012. ed. Ottawa: Library of Parliament, 2012. Print