Language psychology is a unit that involves the study of the processes in development of words and expressions used in making a speech. This sub-discipline can be categorized into cognitive psychology and neuroscience of the human brain. It explains the relationship and interactions that exist between memory and language formation by an individual. This is significant for a person in communicating and conversing with others. Information is stored and retrieved from the memory element, which is vital in understanding what has been said and what is useful in a discussion. The adaptation of an efficient language to pass information is a process that an individual develops from their childhood stages to adulthood. This report provides an analysis of language acquisition, and dysfunctions and malfunctions in the brains that hinder communications.
Wernicke’s aphasia is a brain disorder that results from a wound in a part of the brain called the Wernicke. This malfunction occurs when the posterior part of the brain is damaged; this section is located behind the ear. An injury to the brain stroke may cause this malfunction. The Wernicke area is significant in reading, writing and interpretation of information. The symptoms include fluent and grammatical speech, but which is incomprehensible
The Wernicke condition arises because the ability to understand written and spoken words is severely altered. An individual with poor hearing processing faces difficulty in comprehending what is being said to them. Such individuals may show impressions that they recognize what they hear through nodding, but often their understanding is contrary to what has been spoken. Fluent speech could result from expanding their sentences. These sentences contain neologisms and par aphasias, which affect the way they communicate with other people. This is because the individual says words that are not intended in the conversation (Spreen & Risser, 2003).
Broca's aphasias are the most common non-fluent disorder and are caused by damage to the Broca area of the brain. This part is responsible for language production and, therefore, the malfunction results in impulsive speech or the individual may fail to speak. Such individuals, however, have the ability to understand what has been spoken and written. The utterance sentence length is shorter, and an individual with this condition may produce a single word. The person utters the common grammatical form of words that involve the use of nouns and verbs (LaPointe, 2011).
These speech conditions result from damages to different parts of the brain. A person suffering from Wernicke’s aphasia can experience a spontaneous recovery from this condition without undergoing any treatment. This is common in individuals with stroke, which had caused temporal interruption of blood flow to the brain. Most patients, however, are faced with difficulties in language recovery, and others remain with some amount of aphasia. Several factors help in quicker treatment, such as motivation and handedness.
LaPointe, L. L. (2011). Aphasia and related neurogenic language disorders. New York: Thieme.
Spreen, O., & Risser, A. H. (2003). Assessments of aphasia. Oxford: Oxford University Press.