They were used based on the needs f the students. The level of intervention increased when a student failed to respond to instructional strategies. For example, a student who slapped the teacher was given a detention while another student who threw a pencil to the teacher was given a detention which could be terminated if he behaved well for the rest of the day. The following are the behavior interventions used in this school
1. Behavior contract- was used to show responsibility of each student in order to help change behavior (Kinnder & Marchand 2005).
2. Behavior chart- used to make a record of the behavior of each student
3. Token Economy- Included rewarding students for their positive behavior (Yell, et al 2009).
4. Catch ‘Em being good- Involved praising the students who had positive behavior (Kinnder & Marchand 2005).
5. Proximity control- the teacher walked around the room to interact with students and know their behavior
Although some of the behavior interventions used in this school were effective, some of them were not effective and that is why some students misbehaved e.g, the one who threw a pencil to the teacher while the other slapped the teacher. Such students needed a good punishment that would help to ensure that even the other students were discouraged from misbehaving.
Behavior contract was not fully emphasized and this is why many students did not know their responsibility(Kinnder & Marchand 2005)..
The teachers maintained behaviors for the students who were known to misbehave more frequently. In addition, there were also tokens for students who behaved well and these tokens were meant to encourage students to maintain good behavior.
Moreover, the teachers were also praising students who were showed good behavior in order to encourage them to behave well. During class hours, the teacher walked around the classroom and interacted with the students in order to know their behavior.
It is recommended that good behavior interventions should be used in order to ensure that the students behave well. Behavior contract should be used effectively to ensure that each student is responsible for his or her behavior. In addition, the behavior charts should be made for all students and not for only those who are known to misbehave. Moreover, token economy should be used when all students are present in order to encourage them to behave well. When praising those students who behave well, the school can also warm the others who don’t behave well (Yell, et al 2009). Finally, teachers need to walk around the class not only during class hours but also during break in order to ensure that they know their behaviors well.
Modifications- the students’ behaviors was modified by punishing those who were found misbehaving in order to encourage them to behave better
The modifications of students’ behavior were inadequate because the punishments given to the students did not help the students to stop misbehaving. This is why one of the students threw a pencil to the teacher while another one slapped the teacher.
More punishments should be administered to students who misbehave in order to encourage them to behave well.
Instructional practice- The school used sound learning principles of learning, good curricula practices and a high degree of structure (Yell, et al 2009). It also used various instructional methods like student assessment and rewarding of best performers in order to encourage good performance (Kinnder & Marchand 2005).
The instructional practices used in this school made it to have various achievements. The school was able to adhere to its own curriculum by adhering to its good curricula practices. Moreover, its high degree of structure was also important in achieving academic progress.The school has to ensure that more instructional practices are used while the present ones are effected in order to ensure better performance (The U.S. Department of Education Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services, 2010).
Systems- This school made use of both institutionalized learning and learning according to the school curriculum
Both institutionalized learning and learning according to the school curriculum were used as systems of learning in order to encourage good learning.
It is recommended that the school has to use both institutionalized learning and learning according to school curriculum more effectively to enhance good school performance.
Kinnder K & Marchand M. (2005). "Special Education and Direct Instruction: An Effective Combination,". The Journal of Direct Instruction 2005
The U.S. Department of Education Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services \
(2010). A Guide to the Individualized Education Program. Web. Retrieved on 4th February 2012 from http://www.ed.gov/parents/needs/speced/iepguide/index.html
Yell, M. et al (2009). Evidence-based practices for educating students with emotional and behavioral disorders. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Pearson.