Organizational psychology is a scientific study of a group or an individual behavior in a setting of a formal organization. It is a scientific way of understanding a group of people working in a certain organizational setting and this helps the organization to work more effectively. Organizational psychology is a fundamental tool in all organizations since without it, employees will be disorganized because everyone will be doing their own things without minding the welfare of others and the performance of the organization. It is very vital because it helps improve the performance of an organization. Organizational psychology helps to understand behaviors of a group of people working in a certain organization in addition, it is used to define behavioral patterns of people who are in a working environment.
Research and statistics plays a very important role in organizational psychology. Organizational psychology uses scientific research, investigations and statistics to test their theories on how to manage an organization. The main role of research and statistics in organizational psychology is to provide feedback to an organization on the behaviors and attitudes of workers and how it needs to be improved. Through the research and statistic, the employers of an organization will know which step to take in order to improve the performance and also it helps them in decision making. Moreover, research and statistics work hand in hand to bring good impacts to an organization. Through research and statistics by organizational psychologists, an organization is assisted in understanding their employees and their workforce. In addition, through research and statistics, an organization will be in a position to have a better understanding of their employees and their behaviors at work. It also helps an organization in decision making especially which employees to be promoted or shifted to different work locations (Jex, 2002).
Organizational psychology can be used in many ways in an organization. It can either ne used reactively or proactively. Reactively is whereby it can be used as a problem solving technique in an organization. Through organizational psychology, an employer will be able to know the problems the employees are facing and because they are aware, they are able to solve them in order to improve the performance of an organization. It can also be used reactively to solve problems among employees and make sure they work together without any quarrels. Proactively, organizational psychology is used to institute an organization by creating policies and rules to be followed while working in an organization. When using organizational psychology proactively, it can be used to create procedures to be followed and decisions concerning hiring of employees as well as assessing their job performance.
Organizational psychology is mainly applied by the human resource department and helps in improving the performance of an organization. Organizational psychologists use research to measure the competence of employees and this helps the human resource department to choose which employees to assign certain specific duties. It also helps to know the employees personal growth at the work place, their opinions and how they interact with each other at work (Jex, 2002). Organizational psychology helps in show how employees interact with each other and this can help the human resource department know how to group them since they will be fully aware which employees are able to work together effectively. It will also help them separate those whose performance is low and group them in groups that can make them improve their performance since the employer will be well aware of employers who cannot work well together. Organizational psychology in an organization helps in the growth of an organization since all the moves are monitored and this facilitates the human resource department to work out ways to improve the standards of an organization. Furthermore, organizational psychology helps employers know how to best utilize their employees.
In essence, organizational psychology is a very vital tool in any given organization. It provides organizations a better understanding of behaviors and attitudes of their employees at their work places. It is used by the human resource department to observe its employees and how to better their performance and the end result is always good performance at work and job satisfaction. Through research and statistics, an organization knows areas that need to be improved and this increases its performance. Organizational psychology is a vital tool to the failure or success of an organization since its end goal is always to produce quality work, quality employees and a good working environment for the employees.
Jex, S. M. (2002). Organizational Psychology: a scientist-practitioner approach (2nd Ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.