Psychotherapy theory seeks to define both origin and nature of emotional disorders. Feud argues that functional illness often linked to the functioning of the mind and not brain pathology. The theory also outlines the benefits importance of the transference relationship on a therapeutic value during counseling. There is a strong relationship, between instabilities in anger expression and experience in male perpetrators, of their partner violence. Therefore, psychotherapy will useful in batter intervention programs. Anger management intervention can also be used in people with suicidal thoughts. Both interventions focus on the emotions trauma recovery behaviors as well as didactic education in addressing individual psychological problems. This best used in criminal justice institutions as well as health mental setting where clients suffer from emotional imbalances (Spivakovsky, 2013).
Approaches such as a group and family therapies can be used in treating emotional disorders. It states, when a successful introduction of a person to a disturbed relationship system, the other has the ability to change relationships within systems. This often used best in the broader spectrum of relationships such as a therapist and the patient. If the patient and the therapist become more involved with one another, the patient will tend to withdraw from the family. Therefore, the family can become disturbed. However, for a viable relationship status, the patient remains in good contact with family and this can change the relationship within the family. Similarly, schizophrenia cognitive behavior intervention can enhance positive development among patients developing overtly collaborative therapies. Both strategy interventions can be effective in mental health Centre whereby the clients are in the company of a therapist most of their time (Hagan, 2013).
Behavioral theory states that one’s behavior often learned in response to previous experiences and can be unlearnt or even reconditioned, without scrutinizing the past behaviors. It is easier to generate change by introducing the information needed to form new beliefs rather than changing the existing beliefs. In a school system, teachers should provide pupils with skills to enable them make wise behavioral changes. The intervention will involve pairing the reinforcer with behavior to lessen or strength the desirable behaviors. For instance, the teacher enhances the behaviors of improved homework completion by pairing it with giving a sticker.
The school can also use a self-training intervention to control undesirable behaviors in school. This can be achieved through traditional behavior therapy approaches (Helfgott, 2013).
The cognitive theory outlines the power of the mind on one’s behavior. It argues that past experiences can often destroy self-image, and this can affect attitude, emotions as well as the capacity to deal with situations. Cognitive-behavioral therapies such as coping practices for negative thoughts and role-playing interventions are vital elements in enhancing behavior change and treatment. For example, cognitive behavioral therapy intervention can be used in reducing domestic violence. This mainly achieved through recognizing the thought as well as beliefs that contribute to the offender’s violence behaviors. Similarly, role-playing intervention can be used in preventing drug-abuse crimes among teens. Teens can be taught to become conscious of their thoughts and decisions to make positive changes. Both interventions can work well in various criminal justice settings and the community (Hagan, 2013).
System theory uses different systems in exploring behavior patterns including human experience. Decision making interventions can help members in a group sustain positive and secure relationship to improve their well-being. Reconciliation intervention strategies can also help members in the community understand that their actions impact each other’s security and roles. This can be applied to families or communities to promote unity and peace.
Multicultural theory argues that there are power differences between different groups in society. It overemphasizes on the fact there are cultural differences and therefore, describes them in a narrow manner. Multiculturalism, diversity, as well as cultural competency, are essential aspects in mental health counseling. Diversity intervention strategies that promote multiculturalism in a country can help reduce ethnicity clashes in the country. They ensure that equality and fairness in the delivery of services. Ethic and social disparities interventions can help control negative existence of people with diverse cultures. Ethic and social is often complex, based on both historic and contemporary inequities, therefore, it involves many players including bureaucratic processes. The interventions are best in a society with people with different cultures such as America (Ashworth et al., 2013).
Part 2 Observation-cognitive theory
This theory argues that visual perception usually affects cognitive aspects of thinking and vice versa. Observation is one of the ways of how individuals identify their environment including the existing activities. Memorization of activities takes place when one perceives an act or an object. I believe that the cognitive part of the mind often determine one’s response to the frequent observed acts as we grow up. Furthermore, understanding comes to play in learned behavior rather than experience. For example, if one frequently enjoys watching comic movies, you are more likely to develop comic behaviors than your counterpart who is less interested. This theory took into consideration Gibson’s argument on both top-down and bottom-up theories. Gibson states that human beings tend to identify most common objects irrespective of what perspective we view them from such as from the bottom or top. For instance, it is almost to recognize the two letters in the below words but due to frequent encounters with words, one’s cognitive memories can easily retrieve the actual word even without differencing the middle letters (Helfgott, 2013).
I also related it to the cognitive theory of psychology with the assumption that human beings are often logical beings. It outlines on how individuals learn behaviors of others through observation such as in advertising campaigns as well as peer pressure situations.
Theories are a phenomenal way of learning and interpreting various behaviors in one’s life. It is a powerful form of research that helps predict possible consequences of certain behaviors, treating mental disorders and promoting social-control in the societies I also learned that theories serve as a bond between interdisciplinary dialogues in autonomous aspects of the study. However, following the increasing changes in modern foundations for several theories such as the general theory of systems, it is possible to misinterpret the true meaning of the theories. It is, therefore, important to implement regulative devices that will fight against false interpretation that can lead to detrimental consequences in their practical use.
Ashworth, A., Zedner, L., Tomlin, P., & All Souls College the (University of Oxford). (2013). Prevention and the limits of the criminal law. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
Hagan, F. E. (2013). Introduction to criminology: Theories, methods, and criminal behavior. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.
Helfgott, J. B. (2013). Criminal psychology.
Spivakovsky, C. (2013). Racialized correctional governance: The mutual constructions of race and criminal justice. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Limited.