The growing population is a great concern especially in Asia and Africa, where apart from the population growth there are other important social concerns like poverty, hunger and many more. Hence, various population experts have expressed their concerns about feeding the extra 3 Billion people, who will be joining us by the year 2050. Hence, it is important to understand and study about this problem to initiate a control now, so that the issues can be addressed on time. This paper will discuss a couple of articles that have highlighted the picture of current related concerns and at the same time will also pick the problems of a developing country that is facing these issues on a broad level.
Ammajan Amina is the story of a lady from Bangladesh which provides and empirical account of the status of poverty and hunger in the country. The story successfully highlights the issues related to hunger, population, women rights, child death rate and employment. Although, population seems to be one of the issues that have been highlighted, all the issues seem to arise to the six children that Amina has and ultimately four of them die of hunger and disease. The story is able to highlight that, how the average families in the poor countries in Asia and Africa struggle to survive and arrange their daily bread.
Lester presents a very detailed view of the population issue in the world and he describes how the growth rate of 1.2% today is adding more people than the growth rate of 2% people a couple of decades ago. The problem is that scarcity of resources is already being observed, so the added number of people is going to enhance the problem by leaps and bounds in the coming years. The intensity of the problem can be understood by the fact that Africa is facing an HIV epidemic, where 6000 people are dying due to AIDS everyday and if population is not controlled then similar situations might arise in India, which is may become the highest populated country in the coming few years.
India: Growing Population and challenges related to nutrition and hunger . . .
India despite being one of the quickest developing countries faces a great problem of population increase. The current population of the country is around 1.3 Billion and is expected to reach about 1.7 in the coming few decades. The question here arises that, almost quarter of the country living below poverty line, how is the country going to arrange food in the coming time? Although a strong answer to this question may not be available however an assessment of the situation would tell us that 67% of Indian economy is agriculture based and there has been a consistent 1.97% rise in the food prices due to which it is going beyond the reach of people in last few years. The employment and education statistics are equally adverse to leave the problem without a solution.
Population is the key issue for the scarcity of resources and the extremely piteous situation of poverty, hunger and diseases. It is important to genuinely work on improving the situations highlighted by Lester and the story Amina Ammajan, or else the coming few decades will not leave the world with any possible solutions.
Bhowmick, Nilanjana. India's food crisis has many ingredients. 19 July 2011. 19 March 2012
Brown, Lester. The Global Population Conundrum. 04 April 2011. 19 March 2012
Rajaram, Raghu. The story of Ammajan Amina. 23 August 2008. 19 March 2012